Retrieved 9 June Archived from the original on 18 October Retrieved 25 December GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 17 March Single Top Retrieved 22 December Swiss Singles Chart. Official Charts Company. Cliff Richard. Clifflive Cliff Sings Me and My Shadows Listen to Cliff! Fabulous Rock 'n' Roll Rise Up The Air That I Breathe In that report, Mudd asked the Massachusetts senator a simple question: "Why do you want to be president?
As Mudd told viewers: "On the stump Kennedy can be dominating, imposing and masterful, but off the stump, in personal interviews, he can become stilted, elliptical and at times appear as if he really doesn't want America to get to know him. He wrote a memoir, "The Place To Be," and in an April "NewsHour" interview he said he "absolutely loved" keeping tabs on the nation's senators and representatives, "all of them wanting to talk, great access, politics morning, noon and night, as opposed to the White House, where everything is zipped up and tightly held.
Six decades ago, two housemates in Brooklyn Heights, New York, dreamed up a children's adventure story about a bored boy named Milo, "who didn't know what to do with himself — not just sometimes, but always. Author Norton Juster June 2, March 8,joined by his friend, the Pulitzer Prize-winning illustrator Jules Feiffer, told "Sunday Morning" correspondent Rita Braver in that back in no one expected "Phantom Tollbooth" to materialize into anything: "'The vocabulary's too difficult,'" Juster recalled the attitude.
Kids would not get any of the word play and punning' Juster dreamed up the story while working at an architectural firm, and even after writing "Phantom Tollbooth" stuck with architecture and urban planning, co-founding the firm Juster Pope Associates, in Shelburne Falls, Mass. But his stories managed to combine the precision and structure of engineering with his love for the absurd.
It was adapted by Chuck Jones into an Oscar-winning animated short. A planned book on urban planning, which was supplanted by his work on "Phantom Tollbooth," never materialized.
Frustrated with handling loose spools of recording tape, Dutch engineer Lou Ottens June 21, March 6, tasked his product development team at Philips to develop a contained cartridge for tape that could be recorded and played back without spilling its contents. One directive: the player had to be small enough to fit in a pocket. The result: the compact cassette, whose small size allowed players to be portable.
Introduced in the early s, cassettes became a worldwide phenomenon, with more than billion sold, both pre-recorded and blank on which fans could record their own music mixes.
Eventually, with Dolby processing, cassettes could beat other music technologies, like 8-track tapes, in fidelity. But its popularity would falter upon the introduction of another technology that Ottens helped develop: the digital compact disc.
Olympic hockey team, whose victory match over the Soviet Union earned the title "Miracle on Ice. The Soviet team, predominantly quasi-professional players, had won four consecutive Olympic Golds, and were heavily favored in their medal round match against what were, comparatively, a bunch of kids — college players and amateurs with an average age of In a pre-Olympic exhibition game, the Soviets trounced the U.
The Soviets, having replaced their goalkeeper, kept the Americans scoreless and led by the end of the second. Then, on a power play, the Americans tied the game and, with Pavelich's assist, Mike Eruzione shot what would be the winning goal of the match. The U. Pavelich, a 5-foot-8, pound center, would spend five seasons with the New York Rangers and later with the Minnesota North Stars and San Jose Sharksfinishing with goals and assists in NHL regular-season games.
In a game against Hartford, Pavelich scored five of the Rangers' 11 goals. Though the "Miracle on Ice" team won fame, Pavelich balked at celebrity and guarded his privacy. When Eruzione, who became a Rangers broadcaster, asked Pavelich to do an interview for his many fanshe reportedly replied, "Rizzo, you know that's not important.
The career of British-born humorist Tony Hendra July 10, March 4, ran the gamut from standup comedian, writer, author and actor to editor of the humor magazines National Lampoon and Spy. Initially interested in becoming a monk, Hendra accepted a scholarship to Cambridge University, where he participated in satirical revues by the Footlights theatrical group, performing alongside future Monty Python members John Cleese and Graham Chapman.
Hendra most memorably appeared with Guest in the mockumentary "This is Spinal Tap," playing the heavy metal band's manager, Ian Faith, who wielded a cricket bat at opportune moments, and who asserted to his touring band members that Boston was "not a big college town. In a Associated Press interview Hendra said he often did not understand people who would quote dialogue from "Spinal Tap" to him, as he didn't remember his own lines — a lot of the script was improvised.
Civil rights activist, attorney and Washington insider Vernon Jordan August 15, March 1,who grew up in the segregated South, took a strategic view of race issues: "My view on all this business about race is never to get angry, no, but to get even," he told The New York Times in As a young clerk for civil rights attorney Donald Hollowell, Jordan — an imposing 6 feet 4 inches — could be seen in an iconic photo holding back a White mob that was trying to prevent the integration of classes at the University of Georgia.
Jordan served as field secretary for the Georgia office of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In two years Jordan built new chapters, coordinated demonstrations, and boycotted businesses that would not employ Blacks. After entering private practice, Jordan became director of the Voter Education Project of the Southern Regional Council, registering Black voters and helping elect Black officeholders.
In he became executive director of the United Negro College Fund, raising funds to aid students at historically Black colleges and universities, and soon after became president of the National Urban League the first lawyer to lead the organization. During his tenure, the Urban League added 17 more chapters, and broadened its focus to include voter registration drives and conflict resolution between Blacks and law enforcement.
In May he survived a murder attempt when a racist shot him in the back with a hunting rifle in Fort Wayne, Ind. Jordan had five surgeries during his months of recovery. His long friendship with Bill Clinton, which began in Arkansas in the s, landed the Washington lawyer and influencer the position of "first friend" when Clinton became president.
While turning down the opportunity to become the nation's first Black attorney general after heading the Clinton transition team, Jordan served as an unofficial advisor and confidante — a role that was tarnished during the Monica Lewinsky scandal, when Jordan testified that his efforts to find the former intern a job were not in connection to the White House sex scandal.
In a speech at the National Press ClubJordan addressed some pundits' suggestions that civil rights advocates — those protesting against the immorality of injustice — ought not raise their voices about other issues like the environment, tax cuts or national economic policies that were, supposedly, outside their wheelhouse. That is why we are concerned with tax cuts, with energy, with a multitude of issues some White people think are not the concern of Blacks.
That is why we see our present efforts as being the logical outcome of those struggles for basic rights of the s. And that is why we insist there is a vital, moral component to the current struggle. Electronics engineer and Navy veteran Kenneth C.
Kelly Feb. His early work at Hughes Aircraft helped create guided missile systems and the ground satellites that tracked NASA space missions.
But in the early s, he could not buy a house in the middle-class suburb of Gardena, Calif. Kelly and his wife Loretta later moved near California State University-Northridge, to be closer to his job, and again, the real estate agent wouldn't sell him the lot, so he had to repeat the demeaning experience of having White friends front the purchase.
Kelly would become president of the San Fernando Valley Fair Housing Council, lobbying authorities and going to court to prevent Whites-only advertising. He also became a realtor himself, helping many Black families move into suburbs in the s. Still, the engineer who couldn't buy a house on his own fostered advances in antenna designs that contributed to the race to the moon, made satellite TV and radio possible, and helped design robotic antennas for Why Should The Devil Have All The Good Music - Cliff Richard - 1960s 1970s 1980s (Box Set) Mars rovers Spirit and Opportunity.
His two-way antenna designs are featured in the massive Mojave Desert radiotelescopes that search for signs of extraterrestrial life. He also formed a society of Black scientists and engineers who launched science fairs and outreach programs to minority students in Los Angeles, which was booming with Black people fleeing the South in the post-war period. More down-to-Earth was his influence on the comic pages, corresponding with "Peanuts" cartoonist Charles Schulz to promote the inclusion of a Black character, Franklin, in the strip to promote racial harmony.
Kelly urged the cartoonist to treat the Black character as just another member of the Peanuts gang. The same persuasiveness had driven a young Kelly to successfully petition the Navy to allow him to take the engineering exam, despite being told Blacks could only serve as stewards to White officers.
I meet lots of people who are so pessimistic. I always thought I could. Writer, activist, publisher and bookseller Lawrence Ferlinghetti March 24, February 22, was a San Francisco institution. His influence extended from the beginnings of "Beat" poetry as a publisher he claims to have served as a "soul mate" for the movementto running one of the world's most famous bookstores, City Lights.
Ferlinghetti was himself a poet, playwright, novelist, translator and painter. He called his style "wide open," and his work, influenced in part by e. This despite the traumas of his childhood, his father dying five months before Ferlinghetti was born, his mother suffering a nervous breakdown two years later, eventually dying in a state hospital. A haunting sense of loss followed him as he spent years moving among relatives, boarding homes and an orphanage, before he was taken in by a wealthy New York family, for whom his mother had worked as a governess.
He would study journalism and literature, and served as a Navy commander stationed in Japan in He recalled witnessing the horrors of Nagasaki following the atomic bomb blast there, which he said made him an "instant pacifist.
Settling in San Francisco, he helped establish a meeting place for the city's literary movement. Ferlinghetti published Ginsberg's "Howl and Other Poems" ininviting arrest on an obscenity charge. Ferlinghetti won the case in court, and continued releasing works by Jack Kerouac, William S. Burroughs, Lew Welch, Diane di Prima and others.
In his poem "Poetry as Insurgent Art" Ferlinghetti called on fellow writers and thinkers to create work capable of answering "the challenge of apocalyptic times":. I am signaling you through the flames. The North Pole is not where it used to be. Manifest Destiny is no longer manifest. Civilization self-destructs. Nemesis is knocking at the door. What are poets for, in such an age? What is the use of poetry? The state of the world calls out for poetry to save it. In the early s, after watching heavy, "ugly" cars try to maneuver sandy beaches, Meyers designed an off-road vehicle that became an icon for California surfers, beach mavens and off-road racers: The dune buggy pictured.
Constructed with a lightweight fiberglass body atop four over-sized wheels, with a pair of googly head lamps and a place to stash a surfboard, the Meyers Manx was an instant hit, and became even more so when Meyers' first dune buggy, dubbed Old Red, won a 1,mile off-road race in Mexico in record time.
More than 6, Meyers Manx dune buggies were built by B. In Road and Track Magazine called the Manx "one of the most significant and influential cars of all time … recognized as a genuine sculpture, a piece of art. After losing a court case to protect his design, Meyers shut his company infrustrated with his creation being ripped off, and operated a trading post in Tahiti for many years, before running a car company.
In Meyers described to Automobile magazine an invitation to France in where he was asked to attend a parade of dune buggies including many Manx copycats. When he objected, explaining the pain of losing his patent in court, a car expert upbraided him: "He says, 'You've gotta change focus.
You're worried about something that's happened a long time ago and it's killing you. There's a chemical in your body that will make you die sooner: anger. You put 'em there. They're yours. Stop thinking about that [other stuff], think about the smiling faces.
I took his other advice and we started the Manx Club … Every dune buggy is a piece of fun, and all the dune buggies, good or bad, they're part of the club — we allowed all copies in. For my enemies are now my friends. Not being pissed at all those people who you were pissed at is the greatest feeling. Unload it. Throw it away. Cardiologist Dr.
Bernard Lown June 7, February 16, earned renown as creator of the first effective heart defibrillator, a device which applied a jolt of direct-current electricity to a patient experiencing abnormal heart rhythms. But he won a Nobel Prize for Peace in as co-founder of the group International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, which protested against the Cold War arms race and the testing of nuclear weapons.
He also founded a nonprofit, SatelLife USA, that launched a satellite to improve communications and training of medical personnel in Asia and Africa; and ProCor, an email and web network expanding medical information to developing nations. In Lown discussed with U. I think that you cannot heal the health care system without restoring the art of listening and of compassion. You cannot ignore the patient as a human being. A doctor must be a good listener.
When you make a sauce, you have different ingredients. And when I saw the band and the singer I thought, this is what we got. We got salsa. A virtuoso keyboardist, Chick Corea June 12, February 9, pushed the boundaries of numerous musical genres — jazz, fusion, Latin, classical — while working both with acoustic and electronic instruments.
A prolific artist, Corea recorded nearly 90 albums, winning 23 Grammy Awards the most by any jazz artist and four Latin Grammys. Born just outside Boston, the son of a trumpeter and bandleader, Corea dropped out of both Columbia and Juilliard, and refused to be pigeonholed into any one category, as he told "Sunday Morning"'s Billy Taylor back in "If I can conceive of something with my imagination, why can't I do it?
In he talked with Jazz Times about the sense of fulfillment he experienced as a musician and composer as compared to many other professions: "Most people can't tell how their effort is being received. I can see if I'm bringing people pleasure, if I'm inspiring anybody. When you do that, you're putting something good into the world. I believe that. A founding member of the Supremes along with Diana Ross and Florence BallardMary Wilson March 6, February 8, was part of a Motown Records powerhouse, which had a dozen 1 hits during the s.
Their elegance, fashion and powerful voices helped define the style of the iconic record label. The three singers, who had all grown up in Detroit, were still in their teens when they were signed by Berry Gordy in Ballard was replaced by Cindy Birdsong byand Ross left the group inleaving Wilson as the sole original member by the time The Supremes broke up for good in Wilson followed up with two solo albums, and wrote several books, including the bestselling "Dreamgirl: My Life as a Supreme.
The writers and producers at Motown gave us the music and sound that people loved. And then there was the glamour. My whole life is like a dream. I tell you — if I were not a Supreme, I would want to be a Supreme. I'm living the dream. George Shultz December 13, February 6, held numerous government positions throughout his long career that spanned academia, business, policy think tanks, and Cabinet posts in Republican administrations.
Eisenhower's Council of Economic Advisers. He would later hold the office of dean of the University of Chicago's business school, and was president of the construction and engineering company Bechtel Group from After the October bombing of the Marine barracks in Beirut that killed soldiers, Shultz worked tirelessly to end Lebanon's brutal civil war in the s.
He spent countless hours of shuttle diplomacy between Mideast capitals trying to secure the withdrawal of Israeli forces there. The experience led him to believe that stability in the region could only be assured with a settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and he set about on an ambitious but ultimately unsuccessful mission to bring the parties to the negotiating table, shaping the path for future administrations' Mideast efforts by legitimizing the Palestinians as a people with valid aspirations and a valid stake in determining their future.
Shultz also negotiated the first-ever treaty to reduce the size of the Soviet Union's ground-based nuclear arsenals despite fierce objections from Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. The Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was a historic attempt to begin to reverse the nuclear arms race.
A rare public disagreement between Reagan and Shultz came in when the president ordered thousands of government employees with access to highly classified information to take a "lie detector" test as a way to plug leaks of information.
Shultz told reporters, "The minute in this government that I am not trusted is the day that I leave. Shultz retained an iconoclastic streak, speaking out against several mainstream Republican policy positions.
He created some controversy by calling the war on recreational drugs, championed by Reagan, a failure, and raised eyebrows by decrying the longstanding U. I've learned much over that time, but looking back, I'm struck that there is one lesson I learned early and then relearned over and over: Trust is the coin of the realm. When trust was in the room, whatever room that was — the family room, the schoolroom, the locker room, the office room, the government room or the military room — good things happened.
When trust was not in the room, good things did not happen. Everything else is details. Canadian actor Christopher Plummer December 13, February 5,the great grandson of a former prime minister, caught the acting bug early, and earned praise for his stage roles while still in his teens. His other Broadway appearances include "J. His performance earned him an Oscar, making him, at 82, the oldest Academy Award-winning actor ever.
He was not just in demand, but extraordinarily nimble. Inwhen accusations of sexual predation led to the cutting of Kevin Spacey from the film "All the Money in the World," Plummer stepped into the role of J. Paul Getty, with just one month before the movie's L. Director Ridley Scott spent nine days reshooting all of Spacey's scenes with Plummer, who wound up earning his third Oscar nomination.
And in he starred in the comic thriller "Knives Out. In Leon Spinks July 11, — February 5,a gold medalist from the Olympic Games and a former Marine, was an unranked boxer who'd only had seven professional fights when he faced off against Muhammad Ali, who'd picked Spinks as an easy opponent.
Promoter Bob Arum told the Guardian that he thought Spinks was out-matched. But Spinks shocked the boxing world by beating Ali by split decision in a round fight, winning the heavyweight boxing title at age In a rematch seven months later, before a record indoor boxing crowd of 72, at New Orleans' Superdome and a national TV audience of an estimated 90 million, Ali regained the title.
Spinks, with a big grin that often showed off his missing front teeth, was popular among boxing fans for both his win over Ali and his easygoing personality, and he continued fighting into the mids, ending his career with a record.
But he burned through his earnings quickly, and at one point after retiring was working as a custodian, cleaning locker rooms at a Nebraska YMCA. Spinks was found to have brain damage caused by a combination of taking punches to the head and heavy drinking, though he functioned well enough to do autograph sessions and other events late in his life.
He never meant any harm to anyone. In Rennie Davis May 23, February 2,a longtime peace activist, was a national director for the anti-war group Students for a Democratic Society, coordinating protests to be held at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
He was among the 3, demonstrators who faced off against police and Illinois National Guardsmen in a bloody confrontation that an investigation later described as a "police riot. Beaten on the head by cops, Davis pictured here center, with Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin was taken to a hospital to get 13 stitches. He told "Sunday Morning" correspondent Tracy Smith in that he was hidden by medical staff: "The police realized that I was in the hospital because they knew I had been clubbed.
And so, they started a search of the hospital, room by room by room. And most of the nurses — they could end their careers by what they did — they put me on a trolley cart and covered me with a sheet and moved me from room to room, to hide [me] from the police.
Followers of Jesus must seek out another way that avoids the dangers of image manipulation and various forms of puffing oneself up before the masses. After he sees the crowds who are following him, he sits down to kindly teach them what the world would never forget: the beatitudes. Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.
Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled. Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.
Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me. These God-bestowed blessings are countercultural, but they define Christian virtue. This way of life ensures blessings that move far beyond this present age, extending into the age to come in which the meek will inherit the earth and all who mourn before God will be comforted.
Jesus goes on to teach that this pattern of existence has public implications. Individuals can experience the divine endorsement as they follow Christ in meekness, mourning, peacemaking and more, but these spill over into the marketplace, the highway, the school, on capitol hill, and everywhere.
You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot. You are the light of the world. A town built on a hill cannot be hidden. Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. In the same way, let your light shine before others, that they may see your good deeds and glorify your Father in heaven Matthew Blessed people are salt seasoning and preserving society and light exposing darkness and giving a medium for sight.
Their virtue is to be public. This is holy publicity based on public virtue, not worldly publicity based on clever advertising. Paradoxically, not trumpeting your virtue leads to godly influence through the discipline of secrecy. Later in the sermon, Jesus says:. Be careful not to practice your righteousness in front of others to be seen by them.
If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by others. Truly I tell you, they have received their reward in full.
But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your giving may be in secret. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you Matthew We ought not seek our reward through the attention we receive by doing good works.
God knows our hearts and our acts and will respond accordingly, with or without the attention of the world. Our good lives and good deeds come through being people of the beatitudes. There is no need to announce it with trumpets or through the internet or to seek the honor given by others. If we do, we forfeit the way of Jesus and any true effectiveness we might achieved. God wants the kind of publicity that comes when his people submit to his rule, are filled with his Spirit, and obey his Word.
Public virtue comes from private devotion and the discipline of secrecy. Jesus began the Sermon on the Mount by seeing the crowds who came to him. This perfectly holy man drew many people to himself through nothing but his virtue. We should do the same in his holy power. Letting others know how you can serve them is apt. Reporting on how God is using your gifts is fine.
Selling yourself is neither. Let us follow Jesus. You and I need media to communicate with one another. Speech is one medium to bring thought into oral expression. Writing is another medium to bring thought into the world through inscription of various kinds. When electricity was pressed into communicative service long ago, new media were added to the human scene: telegraphy, radio, telephones, television, cell phones, and the Internet.
All mediation creates a new environment, which changes the communication and changes the people communicating. Those who first used telephones felt it odd that a voice could be so radically separated from a human being who was speaking somewhere in the general vicinity. Electronic mediation allows for informational extensions beyond that of the immediate.
I have FaceTime with a friend in Czech Republic, because we cannot meet at the local pub for now. However, all these electronic mediations separate as well as unite.
FaceTime shows me a face and gives me a voice, but I cannot shake hands, put a hand on a shoulder, or pick up the kinetic subtleties I would experience if I were in a room with my friend. Moreover, I depend on the camera to give me the angle of vision. When face to face, I can move around the room, literally lean into the conversation, and communicate with my full body in ways not available through face time.
Mediation gives, and mediation takes away. Now let us open our Bibles. The Apostle John ended two of his three letters with a desire we may read over too quickly. I have much to write to you, but I do not want to use paper and ink. Instead, I hope to visit you and talk with you face to face, so that our joy may be complete 2 John I have much to write you, but I do not want to do so with pen and ink. I hope to see you soon, and we will talk face to face 3 John John realizes the limitations of quill and parchment—that ancient kind of mediation that we understand as pen and the paper—and now, more and more, as keyboard and the screen.
His realization was based on his experience of the Incarnation itself, as he tells us. That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we proclaim concerning the Word of life.
The life appeared; we have seen it and testify to it, and we proclaim to you the eternal life, which was with the Father and has appeared to us. We proclaim to you what we have seen and heard, so that you also may have fellowship with us. And our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son, Jesus Christ. We write this to make our joy complete 1 John Paul was about to write the book of Romans, the most thorough account of Christian theology in the entirety of holy Scripture. Yet even that was not the same as seeing the recipients of his letter.
Examples like this could be multiplied. They reveal that personal presence cannot be replaced by any medium of communication. Being with someone is not identical to any other form of communication.
I am not devaluing letters, emails, texts, or even tweets. However, we gain wisdom when we understand the nature of the medium we are using—its weaknesses and its strengths. But we should not be so deceived as to think that the on-line classroom is exchangeable for the in-person classroom or the on-line church service is exchangeable for the in-person church service.
Presence matters because matter matters. It matters to God, and it should matter for us. Thus, we should practice the presence of God and practice the presence of other people. Here is a revolutionary activity: listen to people who experience suffering beyond your reach. Do not try to put their experience in your categories.
Rather, listen; then, listen again. Try to walk in their limping shoes. Try to live in their imprisoned body. Then, be quiet, and listen. Ask questions. Do not try to repair anything right away. Thousands of others have already tried and failed.
They are sick of hearing pat answers. Then, commiserate. How can you know? You are a stranger to their misery and anguish. But, you can be the one in a hundred who dares to suffer well with others, to enter into their misery with no game plan, with no sure path to healing, and with no agenda apart from love.
No more need for the living Groothuis, who can be irascible and curmudgeonly. After all, he can only be in once place at one time.
All you need of Groothuis without Groothuis, thanks to new technology. From videos, articles, books, and interviews, we have captured his core ideas, illustrations, and even jokes at least the good ones!
No need to actually read any of his books or articles. Hey, some are long! Just get the app, ask a question, and Groothuis own simulated voice will answer the apologetics or philosophy question—and in less than three minutes.
Unlike real life, when Groothuis would often pause to think or find the right word or even say nothing, all Groothuis App answers come pause-free. You can even vary the rate of voice, just like on Audible. Inscripturation is part of being human, or at least it has been for a long time. We inscribe words on bark, papyri, codices, human skin tattoosbooks, magazines, bracelets, and automobiles.
These are the media for our messages. We use pens, markers, pencils, printing presses, and spray paint to do our writing. These are the tools by which to inscripturate. We employ graphics for our inscriptions done by various tools on various media. You are reading this online and in a font. The headline of this essay is larger and bolder than the text. A few words have already been placed in italics. Patterns of inscripturation tell us much about ourselves. Consider books.
Most thoughtful books from thirty or more years ago had few subtitles, lacked boldface, and relied on the words themselves as semantic abstractions for the meaning—rather than relying on the variation of typeface, odd spacing, or special effects. The text in a book does not move around on the page and cannot be altered apart from annotations. It is ruthlessly linear and requires decoding reading. We might find endnotes or footnotes, none of which stand out on the page.
Consider books today. Some remain similar to books published thirty years ago, with their unadorned text and high volume of information per page. But many books ape the sensibilities of a computer screen when online.
I am now reading an insightful piece of Christian social criticism, which considers how renewal might take place in our postmodern world. I have other books by this thinker. However, the book does not trust its words to do the work of knowledge. Each page has several different graphical effects to make its points: different colored text, boldfacing, and indented text.
It is annoying and interrupts the flow of thought rather than ensuring it. Why is the book thus marred? The assumption is that readers are conditioned by the activity on screens and will be reluctant to submit to the discipline of pure textuality. They need headlines, call-outs, textual variations, and other brain candy in order to remain remotely conscious through the ardor of deciphering the meaning of the inscriptions.
The book I am reading does not plug in. There is no internet connection. It is not an e-book. It is the equivalent of an e-book—or a paper book in e-book drag. This kind of graphic clutter has been accruing for years.
A Hal Lindsey book from about thirty-five years ago that had almost as many words in subtitles as words in the main text. His failed prophesies are best forgotten, but Christ will come again. The special effects cater to and encourage intellectual impatience and the skimming mentality. Here we face a vexing challenge. All writing must be aimed at an audience. If the audience is addled by screen addiction, it will be difficult for readers to adjust to unmoving, linear, and demanding textuality.
Yet we ought want these souls to learn from good books—books like the graphically cluttered book I am now reading and which prompted this essay. At the same time, we ought to challenge readers to bear down, turn off the phones, turn off the music, and let themselves be immersed in reading worthwhile words for long periods of time. I know that none of my books will be pocked by multiple typefaces, odd spacing, and different colors.
I will stick with what I know best for what I do. I will write words crafted for meaning. I am not against apt graphic illustrations, subtitles, italics once in a while, and so on. But when text hypertrophies into a riot of contending inscripturations, we lose too much of what matters most in writing. In so doing, we betray our literary patrimony and perhaps without evening knowing it and become high- functioning, digitally-savvy, well-informed illiterates. Those enamored of New Age spirituality usually find in Jesus a kindred spirit.
Rather than exiling Jesus to the legendary lore of religious imagination or debunking him as a messianic pretender, New Age writers see Jesus as an enlightened master who manifested a divine power—a power potentially available to all who enter the New Age.
The New Age movement is not a conspiracy but an eclectic configuration of spiritual seekers who have despaired of finding personal and cosmic satisfaction in either religious orthodoxies or secular materialism. Instead, they have turned to unconventional and esoteric sources in the hopes of finding what they seek in the ambiance of the mystical, magical and metaphysical. Jesus must be rescued from a pedestrian and parochial orthodoxy that demands he monopolize the deity.
Because of its diversity, the New Age has no single view of Jesus, but it offers a family of related views whose common factors may be summarized. Many believe that Gnostic texts provide a trustworthy record of Jesus as a spiritual catalyst who came to awaken the spark of divinity locked in our bodily prison. Self-knowledge, or gnosisis the means of salvation. Since people hear Why Should The Devil Have All The Good Music - Cliff Richard - 1960s 1970s 1980s (Box Set) titles such as The Gospel of Thomas or the Gospel of Petermany assume the Gnostic materials are historically trustworthy documents that were expelled from orthodoxy by defensive clerics.
Professor Elaine Pagels, long an advocate of Gnostic materials over the canonical Scriptures, recently drew attention to The Gospel of Thomas in her best-selling book, Beyond Belief Another strand of revisionism Why Should The Devil Have All The Good Music - Cliff Richard - 1960s 1970s 1980s (Box Set) back to a book called The Unknown Life of Jesus Christpublished in by a Russian journalist, Nicholas Notovitch.
This Jesus bears little resemblance to the biblical Jesus. Claiming to base their interpretation on the Dead Sea Scrolls or other material, they see Jesus as part of a mystical remnant preserved from the Jewish fundamentalism of his day. These esoteric materials are often augmented or eclipsed by revelations thought to originate beyond history entirely. Channelers or mediums receive messages about Jesus from personal spirit beings. Others, such as Edgar Cayce and Rudolf Steiner, keyed into an impersonal plane of higher consciousness called the Akashic Records or the Collective Unconscious, to extract a picture of Jesus not in harmony with that of the New Testament.
The popular three-volume set A Course in Miraclespopularized by Marianne Williamson, claims to have been dictated by Jesus himself. Yet it denies historic Christian teachings such as original sin, the sacrificial death of Christ, reconciliation with God by faith in Jesus, and a literal heaven and hell.
In the New Age, Jesus is understood apart from biblical moorings and placed in an alien intellectual and spiritual atmosphere. He is a Christ without a cross or physical resurrection, preaching a gospel without repentance or forgiveness, before an audience of potential equals who have no sin and are in no peril or perdition. Is this the genuine Jesus? Before considering the claims and credentials of Jesus, we should consider the reliability of the New Testament, since New Age sources impugn its integrity.
The New Testament is often undervalued because of its antiquity and its manner of compilation. It is deemed unreliable because of the number of translations and editions. Some 5, partial or complete Greek manuscripts of the New Testament have been recovered, dating as far back as the end of the first century. This plethora of manuscripts gives scholars ample material for reconstructing the original texts.
No doctrine is affected by the small number of variant readings listed in modern Bibles. They do not simply refer to the latest in a succession of translations. In fact, as time goes on more and more manuscripts are uncovered by archaeologists. The date of the original composition of the New Testament books is quite close to the events described—in most cases, not more than a generation.
We know that nearly all the twenty-seven books of the New Testament were in circulation by the end of the first century, because early church theologians such as Ignatius and Clement writing at the turn of the century refer to them or quote them. The original writers of the New Testament were also in a good position to ascertain the truth of their research, being either eyewitnesses such as the apostles Matthew, Peter and John or like Luke privy to eyewitnesses.
Concerning the canonization of the New Testament, New Age writers protest is that it was the product of a fourth-century theological elite which excluded legitimate sources such as Gnosticism for purely self-serving reasons.
The canonized documents were not given authority as much as they were recognized as already functioning in the churches with authority. These books predate the church councils that canonized them by several hundred years. They were not produced or altered ad hoc. In light of this evidence, the burden of proof lies on any other purported record of the life of Jesus that contradicts the New Testament.
Can the New Age revisionist documents bear historical scrutiny? The New Testament is far better attested than Gnostic texts. The Gnostic texts are second- or third-century documents that editorially alter an already existing orthodox view of Jesus. None of the Nag Hammadi texts, for instance, is an actual gospel of the form of the canonical Gospels. Rather, they are largely metaphysical discourses that for the most part bear little resemblance to the New Testament either stylistically or theologically.
Max Muller and others shortly after its publication because of its contrived and unhistorical character. Despite continued interest in The Unknown Life of Jesus Christthe supposed Tibetan original manuscript has never been available for scholarly study; there exists no adequate verification of its existence, let alone its credibility.
Most scholars have flatly rejected it as a fraud. It is better to have 5, Greek manuscripts of the New Testament in the hand than at most one exotic manuscript lost in the Tibetan bush. Claims that Jesus was an Essene do not hold up either. Karin Gist, who worked on campy and intoxicating TV dramas like Revenge and Starserves as creator and Lee Daniels is an executive producer. The Fanbase: People who still have questions about that creepy hotel.
The Fanbase: Gamers and fans of alternate reality, but also those who believe that everything is connected. Why Should The Devil Have All The Good Music - Cliff Richard - 1960s 1970s 1980s (Box Set) could easily draw in a fascinated audience who want to enjoy hate-watching the rich.
Kinney will play Tabby, an aspiring director and horror movie buff who harbors a secret. Aguirre-Sacasa could make that happen. The Fanbase: A period piece about family drama that stars Lily James? Everything We Know So Far: Lucy Hale, Thalissa Teixeira, and Henry Lloyd-Hughes play British detectives investigating a serial killer who taunts them by leaving them a list of his or her targets — with a familiar name last he last entry.
While it may not have the obsessive and sapphic nature of Killing Evethe whodunnit or who might do it could draw in viewers. The Fanbase: Those who like their sexy whodunnits about not-so-well-kept secrets to be filmed in the south of France. The story follows a wide-eyed young woman who accidentally shoots herself in the head with a nail gun, causing an over-it Jesus to force her to be the one to stop the apocalypse by showing why Earth is worth redeeming.
The Fanbase: Devotees of these books have seen many attempted adaptations explode. They want this one to work. Set in the future, the story focuses on Louis Gridley Wu — a bored genius who joins a young woman and a couple of aliens on an adventure to explore, and uncover, the mysterious of an area beyond their world.
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Tia is so incredibly talented and Kinetic Content are such perfect partners, this is the right project for the right team at the right time! Chances It Will Be a Certified Fresh Hit: The show could find an audience akin to other programs that are ostensibly about young adults but also entice people old enough to vote and rent cars see also: ShadowhuntersHis Dark Materials.
What We Know So Far: Elisabeth Moss stars as a reporter who survives a violent attack but whose sense of reality begins to shift as she searches for her assailant. The Fanbase: Exhausted women everywhere.
But do the women want to be rescued? The Fanbase: Those who enjoy a British spy drama with scenery-chewing actors. The Fanbase: Although this is a work of fiction, audiences who appreciate stories of government corruption and civil rights like BlackKklansman may relate.
Night Manager got a ton of buzz. The fanbase is plenty there. Newcomer Lola Tung stars. The story follows a multigenerational family. The Fanbase: Tech bros and those who hate them. Will audiences ahem byte? The memoir is also a story of trans-racial adoption and a search for racial identity — topics that are just beginning to receive mainstream attention. But it could certainly find an audience of those curious to know more about the subjects. The Fanbase: The book tells the story of a half-Vietnamese, half-French undercover communist agent who was held as a political prisoner during the Vietnam conflict and was forced into a confession.
He then lived in exile in the United States. Late that year, it was revealed that Robert Downey Jr. The Fanbase: King fans have been waiting for this one for decades. The journey takes him to another, much more sinister, version of our world.
But it also may have competition from a film version of the novelbut all signs point to a winner. The Fanbase: Anyone who is still fascinated by Why Should The Devil Have All The Good Music - Cliff Richard - 1960s 1970s 1980s (Box Set) relationships — especially if they were toxic. Everything We Know So Far: Grace Van Patten plays Lucy Albright, a sheltered college student who has a reputation as an ice queen but is really masking a childhood trauma.
Then she meets Stephen DeMarco, who has a dark streak that helps bring her demons to life. Meaghan Oppenheimer is writing the pilot and executive producers include Emma Roberts. The series got a straight-to-series order in August Can we call it now? The Fanbase: Those searching for extraterrestrial life — and wondering what we do when we find it.
The Fanbase: People who enjoy quirky investigators, especially ones who are French Canadian but who speak English with a British accent.
The Fanbase: Those who enjoy inspirational stories about women unleashing their voices and speaking out about what they want. Laura Eason serves as showrunner and is an executive producer along with Kathy Ciric and Emmy Rossum. Production began in in New York.
Rogers, this is a story for those who want an adrenaline rush without leaving their living room. Ken Watanabe and Rachel Keller also star. Aguirre-Sacasa has a great Tomatometer record. In JuneValentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space during the Vostok 6 mission. InSoviets launched the first probe to hit another planet of the Solar System VenusVenera 3and the first probe to make a soft landing on and transmit from the surface of the Moon, Luna 9. In Marchthe Soviet Union launched Luna 10which became the first space probe to enter orbit around the Moon, and in September,Zond 5 flew the first terrestrial beings, including two tortoises, to circumnavigate the Moon.
Chaffee in the Apollo 1 fire on 27 January put a temporary hold on the U. On 20 JulyApollo 11the first human spaceflight landed on the Moon. Apollo 11 fulfilled President John F. Kennedy 's goal of reaching the Moon by the end of the s, which he had expressed during a speech given before a joint session of Congress on 25 May "I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth.
The Soviet program lost its sense of direction with the death of chief designer Sergey Korolyov in Political pressure, conflicts between different design bureaus, and engineering problems caused by an inadequate budget would doom the Soviet attempt to land men on the Moon. A succession of unmanned American and Soviet probes traveled to the Moon, Venusand Mars during the s, and commercial satellites also came into use.
Shinkansenthe world's first high-speed rail service began in As the s began, American cars showed a rapid rejection of s styling excess, and would remain relatively clean and boxy for the entire decade. The horsepower race reached its climax in the late s, with muscle cars sold by most makes.
The compact Ford Mustanglaunched inwas one of the decade's greatest successes. The " Big Three " American automakers enjoyed their highest ever sales and profitability in the s, but the demise of Studebaker in left American Motors Corporation as the last significant independent. The decade would see the car market split into different size classes for the first time, and model lineups now included compact and mid-sized cars in addition to full-sized ones.
The popular modern hatchback, with front-wheel-drive and a two-box configuration, was born in with the introduction of the Renault 16many of this car's design principles live on in its modern counterparts: a large rear opening incorporating the rear window, foldable rear seats to extend boot space. The Minireleased inhad first popularised the front wheel drive two-box configuration, but technically was not a hatchback as it had a fold-down bootlid.
Japanese cars also began to gain acceptance in the Western market, and popular economy models such as the Toyota CorollaDatsunand the first popular Japanese sports car, the Datsun Zwere released in the mid- to lates. The Beatles released music throughout the s. Peace signs and flowers were an aesthetic of the s and hippie culture.
Increased use of LSD and Marijuana occurred in the s. Lava Lamps released in the late s became very prevalent in the s. Mural of John Lennona s pop culture figure. The counterculture movement dominated the second half of the s, its most famous moments being the Summer of Love in San Francisco inand the Woodstock Festival in upstate New York in Psychedelic drugsespecially LSDwere widely used medicinally, spiritually and recreationally throughout the late s, and were popularized by Timothy Leary with his slogan " Turn on, tune in, drop out ".
Ken Kesey and the Merry Pranksters also played a part in the role of "turning heads on". Psychedelic influenced the music, artwork and films of the decade, and a number of prominent musicians died of drug overdoses see 27 Club. There was a growing interest in Eastern religions and philosophy, and many attempts were made to found communes, which varied from supporting free love to religious puritanism. The youth of today must go there to find themselves.
The rock 'n' roll movement of the s quickly came to an end in with the day the music died as explained in the song " American Pie "the scandal of Jerry Lee Lewis ' marriage to his year-old cousin, and the induction of Elvis Presley into the U. As the s began, the major rock 'n' roll stars of the '50s such as Chuck Berry and Little Richard had dropped off the charts and popular music in the U.
This style consisted typically of light pop themes about teenage romance and lifestyles, backed by vocal harmonies and a strong rhythm. Most girl groups were African-Americanbut white girl groups and singers, such as Lesley Gorethe Angelsand the Shangri-Las also emerged during this period.
Around the same time, record producer Phil Spector began producing girl groups and created a new kind of pop music production that came to be known as the Wall of Sound. This style emphasized higher budgets and more elaborate arrangements, and more melodramatic musical themes in place of a simple, light-hearted pop sound.
Spector's innovations became integral to the growing sophistication of popular music from onward. Also during the early '60s, surf rock emerged, a rock subgenre that was centered in Southern California and based on beach and surfing themes, in addition to the usual songs about teenage romance and innocent fun. The Beach Boys quickly became the premier surf rock band and almost completely and single-handedly overshadowed the many lesser-known artists in the subgenre.
Surf rock reached its peak in — before gradually being overtaken by bands influenced by the British Invasion and the counterculture movement. The car song also emerged as a rock subgenre in the early 60s, which focused on teenagers' fascination with car culture. The Beach Boys also dominated this subgenre, along with the duo Jan and Dean.
Like girl groups and surf rock, car songs also became overshadowed by the British Invasion and the counterculture movement. The early s also saw the golden age of another rock subgenre, the teen tragedy songwhich focused on lost teen romance caused by sudden death, mainly in traffic accidents. Frank Wilson and the Cavaliers.
In the early s, Britain became a hotbed of rock 'n' roll activity during this time. In latethe Beatles embarked on their first US tour and cult singer Dusty Springfield released her first solo single. The stage was set for the spectacular revival of rock music. In the UK, the Beatles played raucous rock 'n' roll — as well as doo wop, girl-group songs, show tunes — and wore leather jackets. Their manager Brian Epstein encouraged the group to wear suits. Beatlemania abruptly exploded after the group's appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show in Late inthe Beatles released the album Rubber Soul which marked the beginning of their transition to a sophisticated power pop group with elaborate studio arrangements and production, and a year after that, they gave up touring entirely to focus only on albums.
A host of imitators followed the Beatles in the so-called British Invasion, including groups like the Rolling Stones and the Kinks who would become legends in their own right. As the counterculture movement developed, artists began making new kinds of music influenced by the use of psychedelic drugs. Guitarist Jimi Hendrix emerged onto the scene in with a radically new approach to electric guitar that replaced Chuck Berry, previously seen as the gold standard of rock guitar.
A major development in popular music during the mids was the movement away from singles and towards albums.
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