Two Out Of Three Aint Bad - Nitty Gritty Dirt Band - Plain Dirt Fashion (Vinyl, LP, Album)

This was in reaction to the depressed auto industry. Other industrialists were afraid of the precedent but the AFL welcomed the move as a means of controlling overproduction and reducing unemployment. Charles A. Lindbergh flies a Ryan monoplane — named Spirit of St. Louis — on the first solo transatlantic flight and first non-stop fixed-wing aircraft flight between America and mainland Europe on May 20th — May 21st. The flight was 3, nautical miles 6, kmfrom Long Island to Paris, in The flight was timed by the Longines watch company.

Americans will buy more than , phonograph records during this year. He is now setting whole phrases ahead of or behind the beat, not just pulling single notes. This will set the stage for Swing. Armstrong is now a star and because of him, New Orleans style ensemble playing is disappearing and is being replaced by Chicago and New York-style solos.

In short, Jazz is becoming a soloist art primarily because of Armstrong. Bing Crosby joins the Paul Whiteman band. They took the names of everybody that was caught with alcohol. They had already closed a number of the South Side black-and-tans. Chicago would soon fall as the Jazz capital. John Dopyera invented the resonator guitar in an effort to increase the volume of the 6 stringed instruments to better compete with banjos for the rhythm sections of bands.

The partnership only lasted until The first signature series guitar was instigated by the Gibson Company for Nick Lucas — a popular singer and musician of the day.

He lives in a caravan near a cemetery. His wife sells silk flowers to support them. One night, Django is trying to remove a rat and he catches the flowers on fire with a candle.

He burns his legs and his left hand badly saving his wife. His left hand never completely healed with two fingers partially paralyzed. He nevertheless became a great guitarist in months. Walt Disney released the first Mickey Mouse silent film Plane Crazyand later the same year, Steamboat Willythe first animated cartoon with sound. His fiery and romantic performance touched the hearts and imaginations of the public and led to five more sold-out New York City performances and then an equally successful tour of 25 American cities.

Hundreds of young musicians were inspired to take up the versatile and expressive instrument. Martin introduces the OM sized and scaled flat-top guitar. Martin also introduced the first 14 fret neck-body intersection. On March 5th, in the early morning, Eddie Condon suggests to Tommy Rockwell producer of the Hot Fives and Sevens that he take the opportunity to record Armstrong with some of the superb musicians who have gathered to honor Armstrong. Rockwell is concerned about a mixed group but goes ahead anyway.

Duke Ellington appears in a short called Black and Tan. Ellington is portrayed as a handsome, elegant, hard-working composer even though the subject matter is degrading. Memphis Minnie signed with Columbia records. Harmony musical instruments sold overunits. Although the song has four stanzas, only the first is commonly used today. Adolph Rickenbacher later spelled Rickenbacker produces a working prototype of the electric guitar.

The vibration of the strings over a coil of wire wrapped around a magnet created a current that could be electrically amplified. Martin starts selling Dreadnaught sized flat-top guitars under its own name. They had been making them for Ditson since The broadcast series came about in the early years of the Great Depression to help the financially endangered Metropolitan Opera by attempting to enlarge its audience and support through national exposure on network radio.

These allowed the production of economical built-in power supplies that could be plugged into wall sockets. The design was developed by Western Electric and made available to the public. The earlier vacuum tube amplification designs required heavy multiple battery packs. Electronic amplification of guitar was first widely popularized by the s and s craze for Hawaiian music, to amplify the popular lap steel Hawaiian guitar. In France, classical guitarist Mario Maccaferri developed a new guitar design to increase volume.

With the help of the Selmer Company, the instruments went public. They had an internal resonator, steel reinforced neck and cut-a-way. The design worked and the acoustic guitar was capable of becoming a lead instrument. RCA introduced the model 77A cardioid pattern dual ribbon microphone for recording and radio broadcast. The listening public could now hear the nuance of speech and music over the airwaves.

Homer Capehart sold his Simplex record changer mechanism to the Wurlitzer Company. Wurlitzer used the invention to produce the jukebox. The jukebox changed the face of popular music by making new tunes available to all. Instrument manufacturer Dobro made a handful of modified resonator Spanish style guitars with electromagnetic horseshoe pickups. These can be argued to be the first manufactured electric Spanish style guitars with electromagnetic pickups.

From tothe Committee was authorized to investigate Nazi propaganda and certain other propaganda activities. The biggest archtop to hit the market and the highest price tag at the height of the depression. The competition for the biggest and flashiest instruments was on. The trial was broadcast on network radio and the new format found an eager and appreciative audience.

These record jockeys, as they were called, were soon entertaining listeners with discs all over the country. The Big Band Era had begun.

Mahalia Jackson made her first Gospel recordings. T-Bone Walker began experimenting with a prototype electric guitar and was one of the first guitarists anywhere to play the instrument in public. The instrument was probably a Rickenbacker Vibrola model.

He soon got his hands on a Gibson sunburst ES that he played into the late s. Gibson introduced the ES The was basically a modified L archtop fitted with a bar electromagnetic pickup. It was viewed as the first readily available production model electric guitar. Gibson introduces the Super Jumbo flat-top acoustic guitar.

It is seen in the hands of Ray Whitley and Gene Autry on the silver screen. Robert Johnson made his second and last recording session in Dallas, Texas. Patents were granted to George Beauchamp for the electromagnetic horseshoe pickups, filed originally in and He used the public platform as a way to have his songs heard and tell stories of what he had seen and experienced through the American mid-west and the Dust Bowl years.

Bill Monroe forms the Blue Grass Boys, creating a fusion of Appalachian folk music with blues, polka and other genres from around the world. Roy Acuff joined the Grand Ole Opry. Leo Fender was a qualified electronics technician and had been asked to repair radios, phonograph players, home audio amplifiers, public address systems and musical instrument amplifiers.

At the time, most of these were just variations on a few simple vacuum-tube circuits. World War II had begun. The film was a hit. Some historians feel that this marked the beginning of the Western Swing craze.

Within a very short time cowboy hats, boots, string ties and rawhide vests were seen all over Southern California. South Carolina native Dizzy Gillespie began an innovative style of trumpet performance that would come to be called BeBop. Guitarist Les Paul signs an endorsement deal with Gibson, appearing in ads with the ES electric archtop model.

They shared a political preference to promoted peace and isolationism before the start of World War II. They featured songs opposing entry into the war.

The Almanac Singers supported the change and began to produce many pro-war songs urging the U. The Almanac Singers disbanded when the U. Epaminondas Epi Strathopoulo of Epiphone dies on June 6th, at age Gobitis that students in public schools could be compelled to swear the Pledge of Allegiance.

Barnette — that public school students are not required to say the Pledge of Allegiance. In a later opinion, the Court held that students are also not required to stand for the Pledge. With the support of one of his clients, guitarist Andre Segovia, he successfully introduced nylon strings for classical guitars. Circus Tent Fire. The tent could seat 9, around three performance rings. To keep it waterproof, the canvas had been treated with 1, lbs kg of paraffin wax dissolved in 6, gallons 23, l of kerosene.

On Thursday a work daythe afternoon performance was estimated at 7, dominated by women and children. A small fire began on the Southwest sidewall of the tent while the Great Wallendas were performing. It accelerated quickly due to the flammable canvas treatment. As Ringmaster Fred Bradna urged the audience not to panic and to leave in an orderly fashion, the power failed and his instructions could not be heard. The death toll is estimated at with injury estimates of over people.

Young Robert Dale Segee confessed to starting the fire but was never tried and later recanted. The Hartford circus fire was one of the worst fire disasters in United States history. Hal Blaine, famous percussionist of the Wrecking Crew, was one of the small children at the fire. President Roosevelt died. Harry Truman became president of the United States. Mussolini was killed by Italian partisans on April 28th. German forces surrendered in Italy on April 29th and Germany itself surrendered on May 7th.

At the order of U. President Harry S. Truman, after 6 months of intense firebombing of 67 other Japanese cities, the nuclear weapon Little Boy was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on Monday, August 6th,followed on August 9th by the detonation of the Fat Man nuclear bomb over Nagasaki. These are to-date the only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare. RCA Victor and Columbia held out for nearly two years more.

Les Paul invents echo-delay, multi-track recording and many other techniques that further expand recording possibilities.

Les Paul takes his homemade experimental semi-solid guitar to Gibson to try to sell the instrument commercially.

Gibson says no. The bikini was introduced in Paris. Two-piece swimsuits had been in fashion since the early s, and always covered the navel. He predicted the new fashion would incite a cultural explosion to rival the recent nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll. It took a while for the bikini to catch on in the United States. Merle sketched an idea for a solid body guitar and asked if Paul could build it for him.

It had all six tuning pegs on one side of the headstock and was completed in and played by Merle on numerous recordings, radio and public appearances. Merle claims that Leo Fender borrowed and copied the guitar, but no one seems to know for sure.

The Ravens introduce a new form of harmony singing featuring bass vocalist Jimmy Ricks out front with tenor Maithe Marshall floating on top of the melody. Ampex introduced the first commercially available magnetic tape recording machine in the US The technology had been developed in Nazi Germany in the s.

The Ampex Model They also hire future singing stars B. King and Rufus Thomas as DJs. Multitrack magnetic recording was born. Gordon Jenkins, an arranger-bandleader with connections to Decca Records, heard them there and was impressed. His discovery led to a record deal with Decca. Senator from the State of Wisconsin from until his death in Beginning inMcCarthy became the public face of intense anti-communist suspicion inspired by the tensions of the Cold War.

The McCarthy era had begun. The Weavers felt some compromises were worth getting the songs exposed to the public. The new approach initially proved successful. The Korean War began on June 25th, The forerunner of the Fender Telecaster was Introduced for national distribution as the Broadcaster in the autumn of The earliest versions in the spring of were the single and dual-pickup Esquire models.

A wave of young black vocal groups springs up with variations of the style popularized by the Orioles. It tops Album) charts. His initial audience was young blacks, but he quickly attracted young white listeners. This helped burn songs into their collective memory. It helped shape the influences of a generation. It remains in production today. Seth Lover joined Gibson as a full-time employee to work in the electronics department.

Among other things, he began to work on new pickup designs. Johnny Ace, a former piano player with the Beale Streeters, a group that included blues legends B. Only three 78rpm and no 45rpm copies are known to exist.

The Folkways anthology presented African-American and white roots music as equally valid. Political ballads were treated the same as Creole Chants. Some feel this to be the definitive collection of early American music.

He was the former five-star general who served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe. He died during the night. He was 43 years old. Major hostilities in the Korean War ended with the armistice signed on July 27th. This cleared the way for the manufacture of standardized preamplifiers and the beginning of the audiophile market — the research and development of better sounding playback equipment speakers, preamplifiers, amplifiers, phonograph cartridges and turntables.

The owner of Sun Records, Sam Phillips, was out that day. Hays took the Fifth Amendment to avoid prosecution. Seeger simply refused to answer, claiming his First Amendment rights. He was the first to do so after the conviction of the Hollywood Ten in Seeger was found guilty of contempt and placed under restrictions by the court pending appeal.

Seeger was added to the entertainment industry blacklist publication Red Channels. All of the Weavers were placed under FBI surveillance and not allowed to perform on television or radio. Decca Records terminated their recording contract and deleted their records from the Decca catalog. Since their recordings were denied airplay, they lost all income from royalties. Right-wing and anti-Communist groups protested at their performances and harassed promoters.

After this, Pete Seeger built upon his solo career. He found interest and support in the College Circuit and teaching music to children. Mario Maccaferri introduced plastic guitars. It had worked well with plastic ukuleles inbut the plastic flat-top G and archtop G never really caught on. December — The first issue of Playboy was published. The centerfold was a fully naked Marilyn Monroe stretched upon a deep red velvet background with an upraised arm, closed eyes and open mouth.

The first issue sold out within a few weeks. Later inthe Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion. February 8th: Rep. Charles Oakman R-Mich. Congress passed the necessary legislation and Eisenhower signed the bill into law on Flag Day, June 14th, Pop record companies try desperately to capitalize on the fad by having white artists cover black vocal group records and the increased distribution and radio play assures many of those versions of becoming the hits.

They worked for hours without much luck. Sam stepped out the back of the control room into the ally for a cigarette, tempted to give up on the session. Wide public exposure to Rockabilly was born with the release of the record on July 19th. Following the show, he was told by Opry manager Jim Denny that he should go back to Memphis and his truck-driving career. Elvis swore never to Two Out Of Three Aint Bad - Nitty Gritty Dirt Band - Plain Dirt Fashion (Vinyl. It would be 39 years before that record was broken.

Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. It was a come-back for the group following their inclusion on the entertainment industry blacklist. Pete Seeger was convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing LP discuss his political affiliations with the House Committee of Un-American Activities HUACalthough the conviction was overturned on appeal in May, Louis, Missouri traveled to Chicago where he met Muddy Waters.

Waters suggested he contact Leonard Chess of Chess Records. At that time, Chess had seen the blues market shrink and was looking to move beyond the rhythm and blues market, and he thought Berry might be that artist who could do it. The song ushers in descending pentatonic double-stops, which becomes the essence of rock guitar.

Full-length albums with their higher prices limit their appeal for teenagers and remain largely the realm of adult pop singers for another decade. It killed their hits for four years due to radio blackballing.

State police subsequently ban all further rock concerts in the state. Boston follows suit by assembling a record censorship board to prevent dirty rock records from being played on the air. With censorship prevalent, white cover records still hold a slight edge in radio play but not in sales. Seth Lover begins work on a new humbucking pickup design at Gibson. Ray Butts begins work on a new humbucking pickup design for Gretsch.

He appears twice on The Ed Sullivan Show in the fall to big ratings, and releases his first film that November. Donegan had synthesized American Southern Blues with simple acoustic instruments: acoustic guitar, washtub bass and washboard rhythm. The new style captivated an entire generation of post-war youth in England. The Legality of this motto was quickly challenged as the United States Constitution forbids the government to make any law respecting the establishment of a national religion.

The official cause of death was acute hepatitis. It is widely accepted that this was brought on by alcoholism. Kerouac is recognized for his spontaneous method of writing on topics including Catholic spirituality, jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, poverty, and travel.

There is still disagreement as to who designed the first humbucker. On his final Ed Sullivan appearance, Elvis Presley is filmed from the waist up.

The screams from the studio audience only make what the home viewer was missing even more suggestive. Jailhouse Rock, starring Elvis Presley, is considered the best rock film and introduces a precursor to the rock video, as the title song has an elaborate setting in a jail cell choreographed by Presley himself. The ratings, however, beat the top-ranked Ed Sullivan Show f or the first time that year. The stroll becomes the first dance associated with rock. In August, The Weavers reassembled for a series of recording sessions for Vanguard.

The group was booked by Vanguard for a January 15th, session to record a rock-and-roll single. In February, Gilbert, Hays, and Hellerman overruled Seeger about recording a cigarette ad for a tobacco company. Seeger opposed the idea as a sell-out to commercial interests. He decided to resign.

Seeger honored his commitment to record the jingle and then left the group on March 3rd, Lennon met Paul McCartney on July 6th and added him to the group a few days later. Following the dance, Paul played a few of his own songs. It was inspirational for John Lennon. White rockers seldom wrote their own music, except perhaps for Buddy Holly.

Atlantic Records began to record and release stereo records. Clarence White 13 and his brother Roland 19 started the Kentucky Colonels to join and expand the tradition of Bluegrass music.

In England, guitar sales reachedunits. This was up from 5, in due, in large part, to the popularity of Lonnie Donegan and Skiffle Music. Sales were not good initially but the iconic shaped guitar eventually found a home in electric blues. On February 6th, George Harrison was invited to watch the Quarrymen.

Harrison joined the band as lead guitarist shortly after. Elvis Presley is inducted into the Army in March for a two-year hitch overseas. The author of poetry, translations, fiction, theatre, art criticism, and film narration is best known for A Coney Island of the Mind New York: New Directions,a collection of poems that has been translated into nine languages, with sales over 1, copies.

Gibson introduced the ES is an attempt to find a middle ground — a warmer tone than a solid body but still capable of producing little or no feedback. They paved the way for the s. He cuts the tour short and is blackballed by American radio and television. Billboard magazine begins the Hotexpanding the Pop Charts to allow more records to become certified hits. The power chord first appears in records by guitarists Link Wray and Eddie Cochran.

During the summer, some of the Gibson Goldtop models were replaced with a new sunburst finish. It had been brewing with French involvement for years but saw a ramp-up of American advisors and servicemen in Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J. Holly had assembled a band for the winter tour made up of Tommy Allsup on guitar, Carl Bunch on drums and Waylon Jennings on bass, to be billed as The Crickets.

Waylon Jennings gave up his seat on the small plane to go by bus. Alan Freed is its main target and becomes its biggest casualty, as he is found guilty and taken off the air as a result. Radio stations respond by voluntarily putting severe restrictions on what they will play, including widely adopting the Top 40 format which limits how many songs are approved for airing. The rock instrumental has its biggest year ever in response to rock music facing bans for lyrical content.

The concept was to elevate the music of the people to greater public prominence. Byhe had freed himself of a decade-long heroin addiction and emerged a stronger musician. His sound had evolved to include a Harmon mute wah-wah mute held close to the microphone.

He frequently chose songs from the Great American Songbook as starting points for improvisation. Hard bop was a departure from cool jazz with a harder beat and blues-inspired roots. Inthe US House of Representatives voted to 0, passing a resolution to honor Kind of Blue as a national treasure.

During a recording session for the US Armed Services in New York City at the Birdland nightclub, he stepped outside the front of the club during a break. Kilduff grabbed him and put him under arrest. Witnesses said the policeman used a nightstick to punch Davis in the stomach without provocation. Two detectives held back the crowd while a third came up behind Davis and beat him about the head.

Davis was taken to jail and charged with assaulting an officer. He was then taken to the hospital and received five stitches. By Januaryhe was acquitted of disorderly conduct and third-degree assault. It will eventually become the most successful black-owned and operated company in American history, not just in music, with million records sold. Gibson shipped Les Paul Bursts during the year. After being fired from the club, the girl was arrested on a prostitution charge and Berry was arrested under the Mann Act.

By the late s, folk music was surging and McCarthyism fading. A recent fatal human disease was identified and carefully documented in the Congo. It would later become known throughout the world as HIV.

The drummer for the tour was Tommy Moore. The Beatles invited Pete Best to become their drummer on August 12th. On November 21st, Harrison was deported for having lied to the German authorities about his age. A week later, after setting a condom on fire which they had hung on a nail at the Bambi Kino where they had been livingMcCartney and Pete Best were arrested for arson and deported.

The reunited group played an engagement on December 17th at the Casbah Club, with Chas Newby on bass. Gibson ships Les Paul Bursts before ceasing production of the model. The model is described in the Gibson catalog as the Les Paul Standard. In September, the FCC banned Payola — the common practice of record companies paying radio disc jockeys to play their new releases.

The payment was not always in dollars. Searle is the first and only pharmaceutical company to sell an oral contraceptive and gain a lucrative monopoly. The pharmaceutical industry suddenly awoke to the substantial market for effective contraception and 13 major drug companies nine of them American began work to develop their own versions of the Pill. The sexual revolution began. Kennedy by Executive Order Eichmann was charged with 15 counts of war crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership in a hostile organization.

The charges accused Eichmann of being responsible for the enslavement, starvation, persecution, transportation and murder of millions of Jews as well as the deportation of hundreds of thousands of Poles and Gypsies. The trial was intended to shed light on the horror and reality of the Holocaust. The resulting press helped educate the world about the Third Reich. Three judges found Eichmann guilty on all 15 counts. On December 15th, Eichmann was sentenced to death see April 12th: The Soviets launched the first man into space.

On the spacecraft Vostok 1, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to enter space and the first to orbit the Earth. Kennedy became president, The Bay of Pigs Invasion began. The Cuban armed forces trained and equipped by Eastern Bloc nations defeated the invaders within thee days. When the Berliners awoke, they found themselves settled on the side of the border they had slept on. The Berlin Wall stood for nearly 3 decades.

September 26th: Television presented the first Presidential debates for public scrutiny and entertainment, Richard M. Nixon vs John F. FM broadcasts begin in the United States. A new Les Paul Standard is introduced by Gibson. The double-cutaway design will later be renamed the Les Paul SG. Here he transformed himself from a singer to a songwriter. He wrote the tune at age 19 in For those that could manage to learn and play it well, it was a passport to folk club bookings.

May 29th: Adolf Eichmann was hanged, cremated and his ashes scattered at sea. Stuart Sutcliffe dies from a brain hemorrhage. September: James Meredith won a lawsuit to secure admission to the segregated University of Mississippi.

He first tried to enter the campus on September 20th, then the 25th, and again on the 26th. Johnson, Jr. Students and other whites began rioting that afternoon.

They threw rocks and fired on the U. Marshals guarding Meredith at Lyceum Hall. Two people, including a French journalist, were killed; 28 marshals had gunshot wounds, and others were injured. Kennedy responded by sending regular US Army forces to restore law and order. Meredith began classes the day after the troops arrived. During the Cold War and following the Bay of Pigs Operation, the Cuban and Soviet governments secretly began to build bases in Cuba for medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles giving them the ability to strike most of the continental United States.

By late there were more than U. On October 14th an Air Force U-2 plane established photographic proof of Soviet missile bases under construction in Cuba. The period that followed is generally regarded as the time the Cold War was closest to becoming a nuclear conflict. It also marked the first instance of the threat of Mutual Assured Destruction M.

The U. Through secret communications initiated by Khrushchev, a proposal evolved to resolve the crisis. The confrontation ended on October 28th when President John F. The Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba subject to United Nations verification — in exchange for a US agreement never to invade Cuba.

Secretly, the US also agreed to dismantle all U. The blockade ended at pm EDT on November 20th. An additional result of the crisis was a Hotline Agreement and a direct communications link between Moscow and Washington, D.

The album was recorded in front of a live audience in the Decca studio. Kennedy that day. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22nd in Dallas, Texas.

Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime but was murdered two days later by Jack Ruby before he could be put on trial. Kennedy was shot. By the end of the first week of release, the album had sold more thancopies. The way was clear for the Beatles to launch an American tour.

Chuck Berry was released from prison. The Twist craze was diminishing and record companies began to shift toward the surf music boom. Martin Luther King, Jr. Estimates of the number of participants varied frompolice to overleaders of the march. The song became an anthem for the Civil Rights Movement.

Multitrack magnetic recording was born. Gordon Jenkins, an arranger-bandleader with connections to Decca Records, heard them there and was impressed. His discovery led to a record deal with Decca. Senator from the State of Wisconsin from until his death in Beginning inMcCarthy became the public face of intense anti-communist suspicion inspired by the tensions of the Cold War.

The McCarthy era had begun. The Weavers felt some compromises were worth getting the songs exposed to the public.

The new approach initially proved successful. The Korean War began on June 25th, The forerunner of the Fender Telecaster was Introduced for national distribution as the Broadcaster in the autumn of The earliest versions in the spring of were the single and dual-pickup Esquire models. A wave of young black vocal groups springs up with variations of the style popularized by the Orioles. It tops the charts. His initial audience was young blacks, but he quickly attracted young white listeners.

This helped burn songs into their collective memory. It helped shape the influences of a generation. It remains in production today. Seth Lover joined Gibson as a full-time employee to work in the electronics department. Among other things, he began to work on new pickup designs. Johnny Ace, a former piano player with the Beale Streeters, a group that included blues legends B.

Only three 78rpm and no 45rpm copies are known to exist. The Folkways anthology presented African-American and white roots music as equally valid. Political ballads were treated the same as Creole Chants. Some feel this to be the definitive collection of early American music. He was the former five-star general who served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe. He died during the night. He was 43 years old. Major hostilities in the Korean War ended with the armistice signed on July 27th.

This cleared the way for the manufacture of standardized preamplifiers and the beginning of the audiophile market — the research and development of better sounding playback equipment speakers, preamplifiers, amplifiers, phonograph cartridges and turntables. The owner of Sun Records, Sam Phillips, was out that day. Hays took the Fifth Amendment to avoid prosecution. Seeger simply refused to answer, claiming his First Amendment rights.

He was the first to do so after the conviction of the Hollywood Ten in Seeger was found guilty of contempt and placed under restrictions by the court pending appeal. Seeger was added to the entertainment industry blacklist publication Red Channels. All of the Weavers were placed under FBI surveillance and not allowed to perform on television or radio. Decca Records terminated their recording contract and deleted their records from the Decca catalog.

Since their recordings were denied airplay, they lost all income from royalties. Right-wing and anti-Communist groups protested at their performances and harassed promoters. After this, Pete Seeger built upon his solo career. He found interest and support in the College Circuit and teaching music to children. Mario Maccaferri introduced plastic guitars. It had worked well with plastic ukuleles inbut the plastic flat-top G and archtop G never really caught on.

December — The first issue of Playboy was published. The centerfold was a fully naked Marilyn Monroe stretched upon a deep red velvet background with an upraised arm, closed eyes and open mouth. The first issue sold out within a few weeks. Later inthe Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion.

February 8th: Rep. Charles Oakman R-Mich. Congress passed the necessary legislation and Eisenhower signed the bill into law on Flag Day, June 14th, Pop record companies try desperately to capitalize on the fad by having white artists cover black vocal group records and the increased distribution and radio play assures many of those versions of becoming the hits.

They worked for hours without much luck. Sam stepped out the back of the control room into the ally for a cigarette, tempted to give up on the session. Wide public exposure to Rockabilly was born with the release of the record on July 19th.

Following the show, he was told by Opry manager Jim Denny that he should go back to Memphis and his truck-driving career. Elvis swore never to return. It would be 39 years before that record was broken. Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. It was a come-back for the group following their inclusion on the entertainment industry blacklist.

Pete Seeger was convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to discuss his political affiliations with the House Committee of Un-American Activities HUACalthough the conviction was overturned on appeal in May, Louis, Missouri traveled to Chicago where he met Muddy Waters. Waters suggested he contact Leonard Chess of Chess Records. At that time, Chess had seen the blues market shrink and was looking to move beyond the rhythm and blues market, and he thought Berry might be that artist who could do it.

The song ushers in descending pentatonic double-stops, which becomes the essence of rock guitar. Full-length albums with their higher prices limit their appeal for teenagers and remain largely the realm of adult pop singers for another decade. It killed their hits for four years due to radio blackballing. State police subsequently ban all further rock concerts in the state.

Boston follows suit by assembling a record censorship board to prevent dirty rock records from being played on the air. With censorship prevalent, white cover records still hold a slight edge in radio play but not in sales.

Seth Lover begins work on a new humbucking pickup design at Gibson. Ray Butts begins work on a new humbucking pickup design for Gretsch. He appears twice on The Ed Sullivan Show in the fall to big ratings, and releases his first film that November. Donegan had synthesized American Southern Blues with simple acoustic instruments: acoustic guitar, washtub bass and washboard rhythm.

The new style captivated an entire generation of post-war youth in England. The Legality of this motto was quickly challenged as the United States Constitution forbids the government to make any law respecting the establishment of a national religion.

The official cause of death was acute hepatitis. It is widely accepted that this was brought on by alcoholism. Kerouac is recognized for his spontaneous method of writing on topics including Catholic spirituality, jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, poverty, and travel. There is still disagreement as to who designed the first humbucker.

On his final Ed Sullivan appearance, Elvis Presley is filmed from the waist up. The screams from the studio audience only make what the home viewer was missing even more suggestive. Jailhouse Rock, starring Elvis Presley, is considered the best rock film and introduces a precursor to the rock video, as the title song has an elaborate setting in a jail cell choreographed by Presley himself. The ratings, however, beat the top-ranked Ed Sullivan Show f or the first time that year.

The stroll becomes the first dance associated with rock. In August, The Weavers reassembled for a series of recording sessions for Vanguard. The group was booked by Vanguard for a January 15th, session to record a rock-and-roll single.

In February, Gilbert, Hays, and Hellerman overruled Seeger about recording a cigarette ad for a tobacco company. Seeger opposed the idea as a sell-out to commercial interests. He decided to resign. Seeger honored his commitment to record the jingle and then left the group on March 3rd, Lennon met Paul McCartney on July 6th and added him to the group a few days later. Following the dance, Paul played a few of his own songs. It was inspirational for John Lennon. White rockers seldom wrote their own music, except perhaps for Buddy Holly.

Atlantic Records began to record and release stereo records. Clarence White 13 and his brother Roland 19 started the Kentucky Colonels to join and expand the tradition of Bluegrass music. In England, guitar sales reachedunits. This was up from 5, in due, in large part, to the popularity of Lonnie Donegan and Skiffle Music.

Sales were not good initially but the iconic shaped guitar eventually found a home in electric blues. On February 6th, George Harrison was invited to watch the Quarrymen. Harrison joined the band as lead guitarist shortly after. Elvis Presley is inducted into the Army in March for a two-year hitch overseas. The author of poetry, translations, fiction, theatre, art criticism, and film narration is best known for A Coney Island of the Mind New York: New Directions,a collection of poems that has been translated into nine languages, with sales over 1, copies.

Gibson introduced the ES is an attempt to find a middle ground — a warmer tone than a solid body but still capable of producing little or no feedback. They paved the way for the s.

He cuts the tour short and is blackballed by American radio and television. Billboard magazine begins the Hotexpanding the Pop Charts to allow more records to become certified hits. The power chord first appears in records by guitarists Link Wray and Eddie Cochran. During the summer, some of the Gibson Goldtop models were replaced with a new sunburst finish.

It had been brewing with French involvement for years but saw a ramp-up of American advisors and servicemen in Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J.

Holly had assembled a band for the winter tour made up of Tommy Allsup on guitar, Carl Bunch on drums and Waylon Jennings on bass, to be billed as The Crickets. Waylon Jennings gave up his seat on the small plane to go by bus. Alan Freed is its main target and becomes its biggest casualty, as he is found guilty and taken off the air as a result. Radio stations respond by voluntarily putting severe restrictions on what they will play, including widely adopting the Top 40 format which limits how many songs are approved for airing.

The rock instrumental has its biggest year ever in response to rock music facing bans for lyrical content. The concept was to elevate the music of the people to greater public prominence. Byhe had freed himself of a decade-long heroin addiction and emerged a stronger musician. His sound had evolved to include a Harmon mute wah-wah mute held close to the microphone.

He frequently chose songs from the Great American Songbook as starting points for improvisation. Hard bop was a departure from cool jazz with a harder beat and blues-inspired roots.

Inthe US House of Representatives voted to 0, passing a resolution to honor Kind of Blue as a national treasure. During a recording session for the US Armed Services in New York City at the Birdland nightclub, he stepped outside the front of the club during a break. Kilduff grabbed him and put him under arrest. Witnesses said the policeman used a nightstick to punch Davis in the stomach without provocation.

Two detectives held back the crowd while a third came up behind Davis and beat him about the head. Davis was taken to jail and charged with assaulting an officer. He was then taken to the hospital and received five stitches.

By Januaryhe was acquitted of disorderly conduct and third-degree assault. It will eventually become the most successful black-owned and operated company in American history, not just in music, with million records sold. Gibson shipped Les Paul Bursts during the year.

After being fired from the club, the girl was arrested on a prostitution charge and Berry was arrested under the Mann Act. By the late s, folk music was surging and McCarthyism fading. A recent fatal human disease was identified and carefully documented in the Congo.

It would later become known throughout the world as HIV. The drummer for the tour was Tommy Moore. The Beatles invited Pete Best to become their drummer on August 12th. On November 21st, Harrison was deported for having lied to the German authorities about his age. A week later, after setting a condom on fire which they had hung on a nail at the Bambi Kino where they had been livingMcCartney and Pete Best were arrested for arson and deported. The reunited group played an engagement on December 17th at the Casbah Club, with Chas Newby on bass.

Gibson ships Les Paul Bursts before ceasing production of the model. The model is described in the Gibson catalog as the Les Paul Standard. In September, the FCC banned Payola — the common practice of record companies paying radio disc jockeys to play their new releases.

The payment was not always in dollars. Searle is the first and only pharmaceutical company to sell an oral contraceptive and gain a lucrative monopoly. The pharmaceutical industry suddenly awoke to the substantial market for effective contraception and 13 major drug companies nine of them American began work to develop their own versions of the Pill.

The sexual revolution began. Kennedy by Executive Order Eichmann was charged with 15 counts of war crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership in a hostile organization. The charges accused Eichmann of being responsible for the enslavement, starvation, persecution, transportation and murder of millions of Jews as well as the deportation of hundreds of thousands of Poles and Gypsies.

The trial was intended to shed light on the horror and reality of the Holocaust. The resulting press helped educate the world about the Third Reich. Three judges found Eichmann guilty on all 15 counts. On December 15th, Eichmann was sentenced to death see April 12th: The Soviets launched the first man into space. On the spacecraft Vostok 1, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to enter space and the first to orbit the Earth. Kennedy became president, The Bay of Pigs Invasion began.

The Cuban armed forces trained and equipped by Eastern Bloc nations defeated the invaders within thee days. When the Berliners awoke, they found themselves settled on the side of the border they had slept on.

The Berlin Wall stood for nearly 3 decades. September 26th: Television presented the first Presidential debates for public scrutiny and entertainment, Richard M. Nixon vs John F. FM broadcasts begin in the United States. A new Les Paul Standard is introduced by Gibson. The double-cutaway design will later be renamed the Les Paul SG.

Here he transformed himself from a singer to a songwriter. He wrote the tune at age 19 in For those that could manage to learn and play it well, it was a passport to folk club bookings. May 29th: Adolf Eichmann was hanged, cremated and his ashes scattered at sea. Stuart Sutcliffe dies from a brain hemorrhage. September: James Meredith won a lawsuit to secure admission to the segregated University of Mississippi.

He first tried to enter the campus on September 20th, then the 25th, and again on the 26th. Johnson, Jr. Students and other whites began rioting that afternoon. They threw rocks and fired on the U. Marshals guarding Meredith at Lyceum Hall. Two people, including a French journalist, were killed; 28 marshals had gunshot wounds, and others were injured. Kennedy responded by sending regular US Army forces to restore law and order.

Meredith began classes the day after the troops arrived. During the Cold War and following the Bay of Pigs Operation, the Cuban and Soviet governments secretly began to build bases in Cuba for medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles giving them the ability to strike most of the continental United States.

By late there were more than U. On October 14th an Air Force U-2 plane established photographic proof of Soviet missile bases under construction in Cuba. The period that followed is generally regarded as the time the Cold War was closest to becoming a nuclear conflict. It also marked the first instance of the threat of Mutual Assured Destruction M.

The U. Through secret communications initiated by Khrushchev, a proposal evolved to resolve the crisis. The confrontation ended on October 28th when President John F. The Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba subject to United Nations verification — in exchange for a US agreement never to invade Cuba.

Secretly, the US also agreed to dismantle all U. The blockade ended at pm EDT on November 20th. An additional result of the crisis was a Hotline Agreement and a direct communications link between Moscow and Washington, D.

The album was recorded in front of a live audience in the Decca studio. Kennedy that day. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22nd in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime but was murdered two days later by Jack Ruby before he could be put on trial.

Kennedy was shot. By the end of the first week of release, the album had sold more thancopies. The way was clear for the Beatles to launch an American tour. Chuck Berry was released from prison. The Twist craze was diminishing and record companies began to shift toward the surf music boom.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Estimates of the number of participants varied frompolice to overleaders of the march. The song became an anthem for the Civil Rights Movement. This was the first pickup suitable for acoustic guitar. Billboard Chart. It held that position for sven weeks. The single sold 1, copies in the first two weeks. February 7th: The Beatles took off for the United States.

Approximately 74, viewers — almost half of the American population — watched the group perform on the show. Sam Cooke is shot and beaten to death by a motel manager in Los Angeles.

Cooke, wearing only a sport coat and shoes, was chasing a young woman who had fled his room with his clothes after he had assaulted her. He was pronounced dead when police arrived. Spector refused to cut the song to the under 3-minute time required for radio. Instead, the last two digits of the running time were reversed to appear as It took programming directors weeks to discover why shows were suddenly running long.

The music was a compilation of styles he had absorbed in his many travels including the study of the Arab oud. To deal with the mystique and modal approach of the oud, he devised the open tuning DADGAD, now common in acoustic folk music. Early solid-state preamplifiers are released in Japan, manufactured by Nippon Gakki Yamaha.

Dolby A noise reduction is developed for the professional recording market by Dolby laboratories, reducing the background hiss on tape recordings. The audience did not respond well. It was the beginning of an international trend that was picked up by many of the fashion designers of the day, including Yves St.

The new Mod look seemed a natural extension of fashion following the development of the birth control pill. Squier Company, and also acquired Electro-Music Inc. The group was manufactured by producers at NBC and fed carefully crafted hit songs that were heavily promoted on radio and the new music media — television.

The Pre-Fab Four were very successful. FOIA is a federal law allowing the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government. The Act went into effect the following year. Louis published the research of William H.

Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, Human Sexual Response. Evidence emerged of a new disease in the United States. The symptoms would later be related to earlier records from the Congo.

The virus had not been isolated nor named. Charles Kaman had developed groundbreaking helicopter technologies and turned his creative juices toward guitars.

He felt that guitars could be improved by a different body cavity made of Lyrachord a version of fiberglass. The new round backed instruments hit a chord with the space-race conscious public and Ovation Guitars were born. This was the first widely promoted festival of Rock Music and regarded as the beginning of the Summer of Love. The festival helped place California at the center of the music counterculture and became a template for future rock festivals.

June 12th: The U. Supreme Court unanimously ended laws against interracial marriage. Clive Davis became president of Columbia records. Inspired by what he witnessed and heard, he began to sign Folk-Rock and Rock bands to Columbia.

He viewed the new sound as the future of popular music. Columbia doubled its market share within three years. June 17th: After only 26 months of development, China successfully detonated a hydrogen bomb. The estimated viewing audience was , McLuhan was a professor of English literature, a literary critic, a rhetorician and a communication theorist. On July 23rd, Detroit police vice squad officers executed a raid on an after-hours drinking club in the predominantly black neighborhood at 12th Street and Clairmount Avenue.

They found 82 people holding a party for two returning Vietnam veterans. The officers arrested everyone at the scene. As the police left, a small group lifted up the bars of an adjacent clothing store and broke the windows. The vandalism expanded to looting and arson. Fires spread through the Northwest end of Detroit and then crossed to the East end. Within 48 hours, the National Guard was called out. By the fourth day of riots, the 82nd airborne joined the fray.

The violence escalated as the police and military attempted to regain control of the city. By the end of five days of rioting, 43 people were dead, 1, injured and over 7, had been arrested.

August 27th: Beatles Manager Brian Epstein died from a drug overdose at the age of August 27th: President Lyndon Johnson established the Kerner Commission to attempt to understand cause the race riots. Johnson signed a bill creating the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. November 13th: The first black mayor of a major American city was elected: Carl Stokes, the 51st mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. Play it real pretty.

Williams was at the time the head comedy writer for the popular Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. The music was written and performed by Williams, backed by the Wrecking Crew in LA and arranged by Mike Post who is said to have written the middle horn break. He was the front runner for the Democratic Presidential nomination. Sheffield Labs markets records made by direct cutting for higher sound quality. Dolby B magnetic tape noise reduction system was released for the consumer market making cassette tapes practical for reasonably high fidelity recordings.

If he would do that, Jacobs would put it into full rotation at the influential station, pretty much guaranteeing a hit. By artistic integrity or pure stubbornness, Webb refused to shorten the 7 minutes, second song.

The song generated such a buzz that within a week KHJ relented and added it to their rotation. Within a month it rose to 2 nationally. It was the first album the Beatles released under their own label Apple and the largest selling double album of all time. It was a lunchtime concert on January 30th that lasted 42 minutes in the cold winter wind, and was conceived as a filming opportunity for the climax of the Film Let it Be. Billy Preston joined them on keyboards. The concert was broken up by the police as a disturbance of the peace.

Cambodia was recognized as a neutral country at the time. President Nixon had called for the bombings, bypassing the normal chain of command. On July 20th Astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first human to walk on the moon.

White Lake is part of the town of Bethel, 43 miles Southwest of Woodstock. The gathering was estimated atAugust 9th: The notion of a peaceful counterculture came to an abrupt end. Polanski, was in London working on a film project. All five were murdered. They too were brutally murdered. The term came from the song of the same name by the Beatles. At age 47, Jack Kerouac died from internal bleeding due to long-standing alcohol abuse. ECL then changed its name to Norlin Inc.

So began the era characterized by corporate mismanagement and low-quality products; similar to the period of Fender ownership by CBS. The Altamont Speedway Free Festival suffered considerable violence including one homicide and three accidental deaths.

The stage was only four feet high. The crowds were not peaceful, and drug use and lack of facilities contributed to the unrest. Ironically, the Grateful Dead never played due to the level of violence and there were four births on-site during the day at the festival. A single individual became infected with HIV in Haiti and brought the infection to the United States sometime during The genetic make-up of that particular strain of the HIV virus appears to be the one that initially spread rapidly through the high-risk portions of American society — gay men and intravenous drug users.

Within a few years, the infection found its way into all aspects of society. Roy Clark brought the 5-string banjo back to popularity at the same venue. The era of the singer-songwriter had begun. Four students were killed, nine wounded, and one of the nine wounded was paralyzed for life. Some of those hit were simply watching the protest. The event was the culmination of four days of increasing tension since the Nixon announcement of the Cambodian incursion.

On May 5th there was a nation-wide student strike on most college campuses protesting the extension of the war and the killing of the Kent State students.

The estimated numbers of students, faculty and administrators involved were 4, On October 27, Congress passed the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act ofwhich, among other things, categorized controlled substances based on their medicinal use and potential for addiction.

Schedule III through V have less severe warnings or descriptions and subsequently, fewer restrictions. He was obsessed with the song and was certain it carried a political message. David E. Blackmer developed dbx noise reduction for magnetic tape systems.

The process would virtually eliminate tape noise from recordings. Duane Allman of the Allman Brothers Band lost control of his Harley Davidson motorcycle and crashed while trying to avoid a construction vehicle that made an abrupt stop. He was declared dead at the scene. Upon returning to their apartment, they took heroin and Courson nodded off.

He snorted it, starting a bad internal reaction. Ultimately, he hemorrhaged to death while Courson slept. June President Nixon declares a War on Drugs. June The 26th amendment to the Constitution of the United States was passed allowing year-olds to vote.

July 1: Louis Armstrong died of a heart attack at age August 1st saw the birth of large-scale benefit concerts. The Concert for Bangladesh provided relief for the combined disaster of the Bhola cyclonelives lost and the starving refugees of the Bangladesh Liberation War.

The concert was organized by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar. Large sums were raised but Apple manager Allen Klein had neglected to register the event for tax-exempt status. He never returns. The prisoners had held the prison for four days to seek redress for a host of grievances.

Governor Nelson Rockefeller had refused to meet with them. December Gloria Steinem publishes the first issue of MS magazine. It eventually became clear that the men were connected to the Committee to re-elect the President by a slush fund. He bought seven of them. He had seen photos of several of his blues influences playing them and reckoned that they would make good gifts for his friends Steve Winwood, Pete Townshend, and George Harrison.

He gave away the cleanest three of them and picked over the remaining four for parts; taking what he liked from each and assembling a personal Stratocaster that would come to be known as Blackie, his main guitar for the next 12 years.

January 22nd: Roe v. Wade — U. There were also rumors of drug use. Richard M. It had worked well with plastic ukuleles inbut the plastic flat-top G and archtop G never really caught on. December — The first issue of Playboy was published. The centerfold was a fully naked Marilyn Monroe stretched upon a deep red velvet background with an upraised arm, closed eyes and open mouth. The first issue sold out within a few weeks. Later inthe Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion.

February 8th: Rep. Charles Oakman R-Mich. Congress passed the necessary legislation and Eisenhower signed the bill into law on Flag Day, June 14th, Pop record companies try desperately to capitalize on the fad by having white artists cover black vocal group records and the increased distribution and radio play assures many of those versions of becoming the hits.

They worked for hours without much luck. Sam stepped out the back of the control room into the ally for a cigarette, tempted to give up on the session. Wide public exposure to Rockabilly was born with the release of the record on July 19th. Following the show, he was told by Opry manager Jim Denny that he should go back to Memphis and his truck-driving career. Elvis swore never to return. It would be 39 years before that record was broken. Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California.

It was a come-back for the group following their inclusion on the entertainment industry blacklist. Pete Seeger was convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to discuss his political affiliations with the House Committee of Un-American Activities HUACalthough the conviction was overturned on appeal in May, Louis, Missouri traveled to Chicago where he met Muddy Waters.

Waters suggested he contact Leonard Chess of Chess Records. At that time, Chess had seen the blues market shrink and was looking to move beyond the rhythm and blues market, and he thought Berry might be that artist who could do it.

The song ushers in descending pentatonic double-stops, which becomes the essence of rock guitar. Full-length albums with their higher prices limit their appeal for teenagers and remain largely the realm of adult pop singers for another decade. It killed their hits for four years due to radio blackballing. State police subsequently ban all further rock concerts in the state. Boston follows suit by assembling a record censorship board to prevent dirty rock records from being played on the air.

With censorship prevalent, white cover records still hold a slight edge in radio play but not in sales. Seth Lover begins work on a new humbucking pickup design at Gibson.

Ray Butts begins work on a new humbucking pickup design for Gretsch. He appears twice on The Ed Sullivan Show in the fall to big ratings, and releases his first film that November.

Donegan had synthesized American Southern Blues with simple acoustic instruments: acoustic guitar, washtub bass and washboard rhythm. The new style captivated an entire generation of post-war youth in England. The Legality of this motto was quickly challenged as the United States Constitution forbids the government to make any law respecting the establishment of a national religion.

The official cause of death was acute hepatitis. It is widely accepted that this was brought on by alcoholism. Kerouac is recognized for his spontaneous method of writing on topics including Catholic spirituality, jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, poverty, and travel.

There is still disagreement as to who designed the first humbucker. On his final Ed Sullivan appearance, Elvis Presley is filmed from the waist up. The screams from the studio audience only make what the home viewer was missing even more suggestive.

Jailhouse Rock, starring Elvis Presley, is considered the best rock film and introduces a precursor to the rock video, as the title song has an elaborate setting in a jail cell choreographed by Presley himself. The ratings, however, beat the top-ranked Ed Sullivan Show f or the first time that year. The stroll becomes the first dance associated with rock. In August, The Weavers reassembled for a series of recording sessions for Vanguard. The group was booked by Vanguard for a January 15th, session to record a rock-and-roll single.

In February, Gilbert, Hays, and Hellerman overruled Seeger about recording a cigarette ad for a tobacco company. Seeger opposed the idea as a sell-out to commercial interests. He decided to resign. Seeger honored his commitment to record the jingle and then left the group on March 3rd, Lennon met Paul McCartney on July 6th and added him to the group a few days later. Following the dance, Paul played a few of his own songs.

It was inspirational for John Lennon. White rockers seldom wrote their own music, except perhaps for Buddy Holly. Atlantic Records began to record and release stereo records.

Clarence White 13 and his brother Roland 19 started the Kentucky Colonels to join and expand the tradition of Bluegrass music. In England, guitar sales reachedunits. This was up from 5, in due, in large part, to the popularity of Lonnie Donegan and Skiffle Music. Sales were not good initially but the iconic Two Out Of Three Aint Bad - Nitty Gritty Dirt Band - Plain Dirt Fashion (Vinyl guitar eventually found a home in electric blues.

On February 6th, George Harrison was invited to watch the Quarrymen. Harrison joined the band as lead guitarist shortly after. Elvis Presley is inducted into the Army in March for a two-year hitch overseas. The author of poetry, translations, fiction, theatre, art criticism, and film narration is best known for A Coney Island of the Mind New York: New Directions,a collection of poems that has been translated into nine languages, with sales over 1, copies.

Gibson introduced the ES is an attempt to find a middle ground — a warmer tone than a solid body but still capable of producing little or no feedback. They paved the way for the s. He cuts the tour short and is blackballed by American radio and television. Billboard magazine begins the Hotexpanding the Pop Charts to allow more records to become certified hits. The power chord first appears in records by guitarists Link Wray and Eddie Cochran. During the summer, some of the Gibson Goldtop models were replaced with a new sunburst finish.

It had been brewing with French involvement for years but saw a ramp-up of American advisors and servicemen in Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J. Holly had assembled a band for the winter tour made up of Tommy Allsup on guitar, Carl Bunch on drums and Waylon Jennings on bass, to be billed as The Crickets.

Waylon Jennings gave up his seat on the small plane to go by bus. Alan Freed is its main target and becomes its biggest casualty, as he is found guilty and taken off the air as a result. Radio stations respond by voluntarily putting severe restrictions on what they will play, including widely adopting the Top 40 format which limits how many songs are approved for airing.

The rock instrumental has its biggest year ever in response to rock music facing bans for lyrical content. The concept was to elevate the music of the people to greater public prominence. Byhe had freed himself of a decade-long heroin addiction and emerged a stronger musician. His sound had evolved to include a Harmon mute wah-wah mute held close to the microphone.

He frequently chose songs from the Great American Songbook as starting points for improvisation. Hard bop was a departure from cool jazz with a harder beat and blues-inspired roots. Inthe US House of Representatives voted to 0, passing a resolution to honor Kind of Blue as a national treasure. During a recording session for the US Armed Services in New York City at the Birdland nightclub, he stepped outside the front of the club during a break. Kilduff grabbed him and put him under arrest.

Witnesses said the policeman used a nightstick to punch Davis in the stomach without provocation. Two detectives held back the crowd while a third came up behind Davis and beat him about the head. Davis was taken to jail and charged with assaulting an officer.

He was then taken to the hospital and received five stitches. By Januaryhe was acquitted of disorderly conduct and third-degree assault.

It will eventually become the most successful black-owned and operated company in American history, not just in music, with million records sold. Gibson shipped Les Paul Bursts during the year. After being fired from the club, the girl was arrested on a prostitution charge and Berry was arrested under the Mann Act. By the late s, folk music was surging and McCarthyism fading. A recent fatal human disease was identified and carefully documented in the Congo. It would later become known throughout the world as HIV.

The drummer for the tour was Tommy Moore. The Beatles invited Pete Best to become their drummer on August 12th. On November 21st, Harrison was deported for having lied to the German authorities about his age.

A week later, after setting a condom on fire which they had hung on a nail at the Bambi Kino where they had been livingMcCartney and Pete Best were arrested for arson and deported. The reunited group played an engagement on December 17th at the Casbah Club, with Chas Newby on bass.

Gibson ships Les Paul Bursts before ceasing production of the model. The model is described in the Gibson catalog as the Les Paul Standard. In September, the FCC banned Payola — the common practice of record companies paying radio disc jockeys to play their new releases.

The payment was not always in dollars. Searle is the first and only pharmaceutical company to sell an oral contraceptive and gain a lucrative monopoly.

The pharmaceutical industry suddenly awoke to the substantial market for effective contraception and 13 major drug companies nine of them American began work to develop their own versions of the Pill. The sexual revolution began. Kennedy by Executive Order Eichmann was charged with 15 counts of war crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership in a hostile organization. The charges accused Eichmann of being responsible for the enslavement, starvation, persecution, transportation and murder of millions of Jews as well as the deportation of hundreds of thousands of Poles and Gypsies.

The trial was intended to shed light on the horror and reality of the Holocaust. The resulting press helped educate the world about the Third Reich. Three judges found Eichmann guilty on all 15 counts.

On December 15th, Eichmann was sentenced to death see April 12th: The Soviets launched the first man into space. On the spacecraft Vostok 1, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to enter space and the first to orbit the Earth. Kennedy became president, The Bay of Pigs Invasion began. The Cuban armed forces trained and equipped by Eastern Bloc nations defeated the invaders within thee days. When the Berliners awoke, they found themselves settled on the side of the border they had slept on.

The Berlin Wall stood for nearly 3 decades. September 26th: Television presented the first Presidential debates for public scrutiny and entertainment, Richard M. Nixon vs John F. FM broadcasts begin in the United States. A new Les Paul Standard is introduced by Gibson. The double-cutaway design will later be renamed the Les Paul SG. Here he transformed himself from a singer to a songwriter. He wrote the tune at age 19 in For those that could manage to learn and play it well, it was a passport to folk club bookings.

May 29th: Adolf Eichmann was hanged, cremated and his ashes scattered at sea. Stuart Sutcliffe dies from a brain hemorrhage. September: James Meredith won a lawsuit to secure admission to the segregated University of Mississippi. He first tried to enter the campus on September 20th, then the 25th, and again on the 26th. Johnson, Jr. Students and other whites began rioting that afternoon. They threw rocks and fired on the U. Marshals guarding Meredith at Lyceum Hall. Two people, including a French journalist, were killed; 28 marshals had gunshot wounds, and others were injured.

Kennedy responded by sending regular US Army forces to restore law and order. Meredith began classes the day after the troops arrived. During the Cold War and following the Bay of Pigs Operation, the Cuban and Soviet governments secretly began to build bases in Cuba for medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles giving them the ability to strike most of the continental United States. By late there were more than U.

On October 14th an Air Force U-2 plane established photographic proof of Soviet missile bases under construction in Cuba.

The period that followed is generally regarded as the time the Cold War was closest to becoming a nuclear conflict. It also marked the first instance of the threat of Mutual Assured Destruction M. The U. Through secret communications initiated by Khrushchev, a proposal evolved to resolve the crisis.

The confrontation ended on October 28th when President John F. The Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba subject to United Nations verification — in exchange for a US agreement never to invade Cuba.

Secretly, the US also agreed to dismantle all U. The blockade ended at pm EDT on November 20th. An additional result of the crisis was a Hotline Agreement and a direct communications link between Moscow and Washington, D. The album was recorded in front of a live audience in the Decca studio. Kennedy that day. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22nd in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime but was murdered two days later by Jack Ruby before he could be put LP trial.

Kennedy was shot. By the end of the first week of release, the album had sold more thancopies. The way was clear for the Beatles to launch an American tour. Chuck Berry was released from prison. The Twist craze was diminishing and record companies began to shift toward the surf music boom. Martin Luther King, Jr. Estimates of the number of participants varied frompolice to overleaders of the march.

The song became an anthem for the Civil Rights Movement. This was the first pickup suitable for acoustic guitar. Billboard Chart. It held that position for sven weeks. The single sold 1, copies in the first two weeks. February 7th: The Beatles took off for the United States.

Approximately 74, viewers — almost half of the American population — watched the group perform on the show. Sam Cooke is shot and beaten to death by a motel manager in Los Angeles. Cooke, wearing only a sport coat and shoes, was chasing a young woman who had fled his room with his clothes after he had assaulted her. He was pronounced dead when police arrived. Spector refused to cut the song to the under 3-minute time required for radio. Instead, the last two digits of the running time were reversed to appear as It took programming directors weeks to discover why shows were suddenly running long.

The music was a compilation Album) styles he had absorbed in his many travels including the study of the Arab oud. To deal with the mystique and modal approach of the oud, he devised the open tuning DADGAD, now common in acoustic folk music.

Early solid-state preamplifiers are released in Japan, manufactured by Nippon Gakki Yamaha. Dolby A noise reduction is developed for the professional recording market by Dolby laboratories, reducing the background hiss on tape recordings. The audience did not respond well.

It was the beginning of an international trend that was picked up by many of the fashion designers of the day, including Yves St. The new Mod look seemed a natural extension of fashion following the development of the birth control pill.

Squier Company, and also acquired Electro-Music Inc. The group was manufactured by producers at NBC and fed carefully crafted hit songs that were heavily promoted on radio and the new music media — television. The Pre-Fab Four were very successful. FOIA is a federal law allowing the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government.

The Act went into effect the following year. Louis published the research of William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, Human Sexual Response. Evidence emerged of a new disease in the United States. The symptoms would later be related to earlier records from the Congo. The virus had not been isolated nor named. Charles Kaman had developed groundbreaking helicopter technologies and turned his creative juices toward guitars. He felt that guitars could be improved by a different body cavity made of Lyrachord a version of fiberglass.

The new round backed instruments hit a chord with the space-race conscious public and Ovation Guitars were born. This was the first widely promoted festival of Rock Music and regarded as the beginning of the Summer of Love. The festival helped place California at the center of the music counterculture and became a template for future rock festivals.

June 12th: The U. Supreme Court unanimously ended laws against interracial marriage. Clive Davis became president of Columbia records. Inspired by what he witnessed and heard, he began to sign Folk-Rock and Rock bands to Columbia.

He viewed the new sound as the future of popular music. Columbia doubled its market share within three years. June 17th: After only 26 months of development, China successfully detonated a hydrogen bomb. The estimated viewing audience was , McLuhan was a professor of English literature, a literary critic, a rhetorician and a communication theorist. On July 23rd, Detroit police vice squad officers executed a raid on an after-hours drinking club in the predominantly black neighborhood at 12th Street and Clairmount Avenue.

They found 82 people holding a party for two returning Vietnam veterans. The officers arrested everyone at the scene. As the police left, a small group lifted up the bars of an adjacent clothing store and broke the windows. The vandalism expanded to looting and arson. Fires spread through the Northwest end of Detroit and then crossed to the East end. Within 48 hours, the National Guard was called out. By the fourth day of riots, the 82nd airborne joined the fray.

The violence escalated as the police and military attempted to regain control of the city. By the end of five days of rioting, 43 people were dead, 1, injured and over 7, had been arrested. August 27th: Beatles Manager Brian Epstein died from a drug overdose at the age of August 27th: President Lyndon Johnson established the Kerner Commission to attempt to understand cause the race riots.

Johnson signed a bill creating the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. November 13th: The first black mayor of a major American city was elected: Carl Stokes, the 51st mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. Play it real pretty. Williams was at the time the head comedy writer for the popular Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. The music was written and performed by Williams, backed by the Wrecking Crew in LA and arranged by Mike Post who is said to have written the middle horn break.

He was the front runner for the Democratic Presidential nomination. Sheffield Labs markets records made by direct cutting for higher sound quality. Dolby B magnetic tape noise reduction system was released for the consumer market making cassette tapes practical for reasonably high fidelity recordings. If he would do that, Jacobs would put it into full rotation at the influential station, pretty much guaranteeing a hit. By artistic integrity or pure stubbornness, Webb refused to shorten the 7 minutes, second song.

The song generated such a buzz that within a week KHJ relented and added it to their rotation. Within a month it rose to 2 nationally. It was the first album the Beatles released under their own label Apple and the largest selling double album of all time.

It was a lunchtime concert on January 30th that lasted 42 minutes in the cold winter wind, and was conceived as a filming opportunity for the climax of the Film Let it Be. Billy Preston joined them on keyboards. The concert was broken up by the police as a disturbance of the peace.

Cambodia was recognized as a neutral country at the time. President Nixon had called for the bombings, bypassing the normal chain of command. On July 20th Astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first human to walk on the moon. White Lake is part of the town of Bethel, 43 miles Southwest of Woodstock. The gathering was estimated atAugust 9th: The notion of a peaceful counterculture came to an abrupt end.

Polanski, was in London working on a film project. All five were murdered. They too were brutally murdered. The term came from the song of the same name by the Beatles. At age 47, Jack Kerouac died from internal bleeding due to long-standing alcohol abuse.

ECL then changed its name to Norlin Inc. So began the era characterized by corporate mismanagement and low-quality products; similar to the period of Fender ownership by CBS. The Altamont Speedway Free Festival suffered considerable violence including one homicide and three accidental deaths. The stage was only four feet high. The crowds were not peaceful, and drug use and lack of facilities contributed to the unrest. Ironically, the Grateful Dead never played due to the level of violence and there were four births on-site during the day at the festival.

A single individual became infected with HIV in Haiti and brought the infection to the United States sometime during The genetic make-up of that particular strain of the HIV virus appears to be the one that initially spread rapidly through the high-risk portions of American society — gay men and intravenous drug users. Within a few years, the infection found its way into all aspects of society. Roy Clark brought the 5-string banjo back to popularity at the same venue.

The era of the singer-songwriter had begun. Four students were killed, nine wounded, and one of the nine wounded was paralyzed for life. Some of those hit were simply watching the protest. The event was the culmination of four days of increasing tension since the Nixon announcement of the Cambodian incursion. On May 5th there was a nation-wide student strike on most college campuses protesting the extension of the war and the killing of the Kent State students. The estimated numbers of students, faculty and administrators involved were 4, On October 27, Congress passed the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act ofwhich, among other things, categorized controlled substances based on their medicinal use and potential for addiction.

Schedule III through V have less severe warnings or descriptions and subsequently, fewer restrictions. He was obsessed with the song and was certain it carried a political message. David E. Blackmer developed dbx noise reduction for magnetic tape systems. The process would virtually eliminate tape noise from recordings. Duane Allman of the Allman Brothers Band lost control of his Harley Davidson motorcycle and crashed while trying to avoid a construction vehicle that made an abrupt stop.

He was declared dead at the scene. Upon returning to their apartment, they took heroin and Courson nodded off.

He snorted it, starting a bad internal reaction. Ultimately, he hemorrhaged to death while Courson slept. June President Nixon declares a War on Drugs. June The 26th amendment to the Constitution of the United States was passed allowing year-olds to vote.

July 1: Louis Armstrong died of a heart attack at age August 1st saw the birth of large-scale benefit concerts. The Concert for Bangladesh provided relief for the combined disaster of the Bhola cyclonelives lost and the starving refugees of the Bangladesh Liberation War.

The concert was organized by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar. Large sums were raised but Apple manager Allen Klein had neglected to register the event for tax-exempt status. He never returns.

The prisoners had held the prison for four days to seek redress for a host of grievances. Governor Nelson Rockefeller had refused to meet with them. December Gloria Steinem publishes the first issue of MS magazine. It eventually became clear that the men were connected to the Committee to re-elect the President by a slush fund.

He bought seven of them. He had seen photos of several of his blues influences playing them and reckoned that they would make good gifts for his friends Steve Winwood, Pete Townshend, and George Harrison. He gave away the cleanest three of them and picked over the remaining four for parts; taking what he liked from each and assembling a personal Stratocaster that would come to be known as Blackie, his main guitar for the next 12 years. January 22nd: Roe v. Wade — U. There were also rumors of drug use.

Richard M. Nixon was elected to a second term as President of the United States. Following the session with Floyd, they were packing their cars with their instruments when Clarence was hit by a drunken driver and dragged up the street about 20 feet. He died the next day. You can take me to the desert and burn me. I want to go out in a cloud of smoke. On October 17th, Arab nations began an oil embargo on the United States in an effort to raise oil prices and attempt to alter the American support of Israel.

Augustino LoPrinzi quit the company and opened a new guitar manufacturing facility next door in Rosemont New Jersey. Working with luthier Richard Schneider he developed a new approach to bracing the instruments.

All other aspects of the construction were also affected. Clive Davis became the president of Arista records after taking the time to write his memoirs. He continued his long history of recognizing and signing major talents to the new label.

President Richard M. Nixon resigned his office on August 9th facing near-certain impeachment in the House of Representatives and conviction in the Senate for conspiring to cover up the Watergate Break-in of He was succeeded by Gerald Ford who eventually issued a full pardon.

President Nixon is the only President to date to resign his office. Between and production of Gibson guitars was shifted from Kalamazoo to Nashville Tennessee. Quality of the early instruments built in Nashville was plagued by climate-control problems in the humid South and inexperienced workers.

The Kalamazoo plant was temporarily kept operating as the Gibson Custom Shop. He was found unresponsive, naked on his bathroom floor and was pronounced dead at pm at Baptist Memorial Hospital. United States copyright law was amended to give artists the right to regain legal rights to their work 35 years after January 1st, It is expected that record companies will litigate when the time comes to retain the rights.

There is a lot at stake: at one of the four major record companies; the back catalog constitutes 90 percent of their income. The first test tube baby is born in the United Kingdom.

The small cassette player could be carried in a pocket and used with small headphones. A new market was born. Lennon was pronounced dead upon arrival at the emergency room of the Roosevelt Hospital at pm. Lennon was cremated and his ashes spread over the area of Central Park, where the Strawberry Fields memorial now stands. Chapman remains in prison where he has been repeatedly denied parole.

AMF Corporation gave up trying to make money building guitars. This was the birth of the World Wide Web www. The first cases were a cluster of intravenous drug users and homosexual men who showed symptoms of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia PCPa rare opportunistic infection that was known to only occur in people with very compromised immune systems. This made cassette tape sound very similar in quality to records.

Unfortunately, CDs were released the same year. MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface was defined as an industry-standard protocol enabling electronic musical instruments including keyboards to communicate with computers. A MIDI trigger could generate any sound sample or waveform within a computer program that could then be directed to an amplifier and speakers. Michael Jackson releases the album Thriller which quickly became the largest selling album in history, topping 25 million sold.

Barney Clark receives the Jarvik-7 artificial heart implanted by Dr. William DeVries. Clark lived for days. The Rock and Roll Foundation was created on April 20th, but had no place to call home for several more years. Two separate research groups published their findings in the same issue of the journal Science. It would not be until that the research community would agree on a name for their discoveries — Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV.

Untitled - Various - Sang DEncre (Edition Collector) (Box Set), Map Of São Paulo - Bon Chat, Bon Rat - Bon Chat, Bon Rat (CD), One Bad Habit (And Thats Loving You!), My Thang - Dubee* - Aka Sugawolf (Vinyl, LP, Album), A. Largo - Evelyn Rothwell With Sir John Barbirolli Conducting The Hallé Orchestra* - Oboe Concertos, Trés Chic - Various - Trance Total (CD), Take Your Burden To The Lord - A. A. Allen, David Davis (7) - Lord Touch Me (Vinyl, LP), Pick The Banjo - The Spinney Brothers - Living The Dream (CD, Album), Rhymes For The Deaf, Dumb And Blind - The Psychonauts* - Time Machine (CD), Vermelho, Acid Rain - Crash (37) - The Massive Crush (CD, Album), Recordar A Los Muertos (KiloWatts Ancestral Mix) - Molecule (6) - Recordar A Los Muertos (File, MP3), I Love It Loud - Kiss - Creatures Of The Night (Cassette, Album)