Maybellene - Various - The Rock N Roll Super Show Live (Vinyl, LP)

The phonograph has been drastically improved. Victor and Columbia emerge as leaders in the phonograph field at that time phonograph companies made records. The public started to buy phonographs and records cylinders for home use. Adams, Samuel K. VanHorn, and Orville H. Handy has started a saxophone quartet. The saxophone was a novelty in Frank Henry Martin introduces the size guitar.

This size body is made to compete with mandolins and banjos. The company designs its first Style 45 guitar. The flight lasted 12 seconds and covered feet. Handy hears the rural blues played on a slide guitar with a knife blade as a slide by an itinerant blues guitarist in a railroad station in Tutwiler, Mississippi. It sparks a career for him. The rest is history. A partnership is formed. New Orleans blues trumpet pioneer Buddy Bolden runs amok and is committed to the state hospital at Angola on June 5.

Buddy will spend the rest of his life there and will never be recorded. Keppard was not recorded until many years later because he was afraid of having his style stolen. Columbia produces the first two-sided disc. Blues publishing pioneer W. Handy brings saxophones into his dance band. It lasted for 48 seconds and in some areas the ground moved 20 feet. All civil services were destroyed or heavily damaged. Wood frame, in general, held up better in earthquakes.

It also burns. Gas lines were ruptured, ignited, and fires broke out around the ruins of the city. The water lines were also ruptured, so there was little to fight the fires. The population of San Francisco at the time was approximatelyFlorenz Ziegfeld expanded the notion of Vaudeville stage shows to new heights by his elaborate productions known as The Ziegfeld Follies.

It was the beginning of a career of more than 5, concerts around the globe and vastly increasing the body of works available for the classical guitar. Chris J. Knutsen developed a new idea, different from his harp guitars: Hawaiian style lap steel guitars that were played with a slide. These were swept-up in Hawaii and presented to the American public in the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in A new market and style of playing swept the nation.

The first non-American Ragtime sheet music appears in London, England. English musician Vic Filmer begins playing Rags. American black music begins to gain appeal in Europe. The Fox Trot dance craze begins. Ragtime was so popular that it eventually replaced the ballad as Tin Pan Alleys most marketable product.

In January, radio pioneer Lee De Forest experimented with radio by broadcasting two live performances from the stage of the New York Metropolitan Opera with an erratic signal, that could reportedly be heard as far away as Newark, New Jersey. Music Radio was born. March 25th: Jewish and Italian immigrant women were killed in a fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Co.

They were locked in to prevent them from leaving work early. The first traffic lines were painted on a road by hand near Trenton, Michigan. The sinking resulted in the deaths of over 1, people, making it one of the most costly in terms of lives peacetime maritime disasters in history. Classic Blues singer Bessie Smith begins work as a dancer in a vaudeville show.

Louis Armstrong forms a vocal quartet with some of his boyhood friends in New Orleans. The stride pianists are still playing Ragtime as the New Orleans players did a generation before. So we will see an interesting evolution in their playing over the next few years that parallels the beginning of Jazz in New Orleans.

British musician Vic Filmer brings Ragtime to Paris. An exhibition of avant-garde post-impressionist works was viewed at the 69th Regiment Armory in New York City. The works included Gauguin, Picasso, Duchamp, and others. The public was generally confused. World War I begins on July 28th. There is a major impetus around this time for the Europeanization of the Blues.

Up until now the Blues form varied between Eventually, a 12 bar form based on the chord progression what we know as the Blues today will become standard. This occurred for three reasons: 1 appealed to whites, 2 solved problems understanding, playing and notating the Blues 3 established harmonies and a form for band members to work with.

RCA offers to record Freddie Keppard. He turns them down and misses the chance to be the first Jazz performer to record because he is afraid that his style will be copied. Storyville was shut down during World War I, sending the Jazz musicians up the Mississippi River in search of employment.

The first traffic light in the nation was installed in Cleveland Ohio on August 5th. Epaminondas Strathopoulo takes charge of Epiphone — the House of Strathopoulo.

Thomas A. Watson, come here, I want you. He was in San Francisco to inaugurate the first transcontinental telephone service. He will work with Tony Jackson and then Freddie Keppard there.

Martin uke production takes off as the ukulele boom begins. Martin also begins to design and build for Oliver Ditson Co.

The first classical guitar performance in a Concert Hall. Andres Segovia performs at Ateneo in Madrid. Before this, no one believed that the guitar had enough volume for a concert venue. Many black bands of the time were probably producing far more authentic and better music. Never the less, the Jazz Age begins. Trumpeter Freddie Keppard had refused the chance to make the first Jazz record because he feared that his style would be copied.

It can be thought of as an impressionistic view of these forms, just as Impressionistic painting gives a novel view of what we normally see. World War I ends on November 11th. On August 21st, at am, Orville H. Gibson died of a disease diagnosed as chronic endocarditis. In this year, 70 blacks are killed by KKK mobs. More than ten of these are soldiers still in uniform. James Reese Europe and his band known as the th U.

They have words because Wright thinks that Europe is treating him unfairly. Europe bleeds to death. Innovative guitarist Charlie Christian is born in Dallas, Texas. His father is a blind guitarist.

The 18th Amendment was ratified on January 29th,having been approved by 36 states, and went into effect as Federal law on January 29th, In many respects, prohibition had the opposite of its intended effect. For example, before prohibition, few, if any women drank in bars. However, women were very likely to drink in speakeasies. Prohibition indirectly helped the cause and image of Jazz.

This kicks off the Classic Blues craze of the s. Over forty prominent New Orleans Jazzmen have moved to Chicago. Somebody discovers that the New York brownstone basement being narrow and running from the main street to back alley is well suited to use as a speakeasy. In time, the cellars of New York City will become riddled with speakeasies providing numerous opportunities for Jazz musicians.

The cabaret business begins in New York. This will eventually be the cause of the shift of Jazz from Chicago to New York. This year marks the beginning of an age of great interest in black arts and music Jazz.

The young future Bop players are being born. They will be raised in an era that will allow them to rebel. Thus, Bop will begin in about twenty years. James P. At any rate, Johnson becomes the pioneer of stride piano with these recordings. Paul Whiteman controls twenty-eight bands on the east coast. The spring-wound talking machine with pre-electrical, no-fidelity sound was established and probably the most popular of the home entertainment devices; the best selling makes were the Victrola and the Graphanola.

He helps redesign and refine the Gibson carved archtop instruments to help increase lagging sales. His designs have become the standards to which all other carved instruments strive. He developed the F series mandolins and the L series guitars including the Gibson F-5 mandolin and the Gibson L-5 guitar that has become the most sought after collection instruments of the century. Ironically, his work was ahead of its time and was not immediately understood or appreciated. Gibson sales did not immediately rise.

Comedian Ed Wynn is responsible for creating the first studio audience when he refuses to perform without an audience watching. Lloyd Loar began working on experimental electrostatic pickups at Gibson as a means to amplify the guitar and make it louder and more suitable as a competitor to the banjo for rhythm and increase its potential as a solo instrument.

Ellington makes his first recording on a cylinder — acoustic recording still most used. A Theater Owners Booking Association circuit for almost a quarter-century. Harmony became the largest producer of musical instruments in the US with overunits. This is the band that will be the model for the swing bands of the next decade. This paved the way for more modern forms of Jazz.

Charlie Parker as a child growing up in K. Lloyd Loar leaves Gibson Musical Instruments to start his own company. Rhapsody in Blue, by George Gershwin, was performed for the first time.

Gershwin was the piano soloist accompanied by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra. The National Life and Accident Insurance Company in Nashville, Tennessee, installed a radio station on the 5th floor of their downtown Nashville office building. Blind Lemon Jefferson recorded over eighty blues tunes between and and was generally responsible for the surge of popularity in the country blues in this period. One of their discoveries was Blind Blake, a swinging, sophisticated guitarist whose warm relaxed voice was a far cry from harsh country blues.

Charlie Poole developed a three-fingered banjo playing technique after a baseball accident injured his right hand. This technique influenced many banjo players and would later be perfected by Earl Scruggs. In July, Tennessee legislators made it unlawful to teach anything but creationism. John Scopes, a high school teacher in Dayton, decided to test the law. Henry Ford introduced the 8-hour workday and the 5-day workweek. This was in reaction to the depressed auto industry.

Other industrialists were afraid of the precedent but the AFL welcomed the move as a means of controlling overproduction and reducing unemployment. Charles A. Lindbergh flies a Ryan monoplane — named Spirit of St. Louis — on the first solo transatlantic flight and first non-stop fixed-wing aircraft flight between America and mainland Europe on May 20th — May 21st. The flight was 3, nautical miles 6, kmfrom Long Island to Paris, in The flight was timed by the Longines watch company. Americans will buy more than , phonograph records during this year.

He is now setting whole phrases ahead of or behind the beat, not just pulling single notes. This will set the stage for Swing. Armstrong is now a star and because of him, New Orleans style ensemble playing is disappearing and is being replaced by Chicago and New York-style solos.

In short, Jazz is becoming a soloist art primarily because of Armstrong. Bing Crosby joins the Paul Whiteman band. They took the names of everybody that was caught with alcohol. They had already closed a number of the South Side black-and-tans.

Chicago would soon fall as the Jazz capital. John Dopyera invented the resonator guitar in an effort to increase the volume of the 6 stringed instruments to better compete with banjos for the rhythm sections of bands.

The partnership only lasted until The first signature series guitar was instigated by the Gibson Company for Nick Lucas — a popular singer and musician of the day. He lives in a caravan near a cemetery. His wife sells silk flowers to support them. One night, Django is trying to remove a rat and he catches the flowers on fire with a candle.

He burns his legs and his left hand badly saving his wife. His left hand never completely healed with two fingers partially paralyzed. He nevertheless became a great guitarist in months. Walt Disney released the first Mickey Mouse silent film Plane Crazyand later the same year, Steamboat Willythe first animated cartoon with sound. His fiery and romantic performance touched the hearts and imaginations of the public and led to five more sold-out New York City performances and then an equally successful tour of 25 American cities.

Hundreds of young musicians were inspired to take up the versatile and expressive instrument. Martin introduces the OM sized and scaled flat-top guitar.

Martin also introduced the first 14 fret neck-body intersection. On March 5th, in the early morning, Eddie Condon suggests to Tommy Rockwell producer of the Hot Fives and Sevens that he take the opportunity to record Armstrong with some of the superb musicians who have gathered to honor Armstrong.

Rockwell is concerned about a mixed group but goes ahead anyway. Duke Ellington appears in a short called Black and Tan. Ellington is portrayed as a handsome, elegant, hard-working composer even though the subject matter is degrading. Memphis Minnie signed with Columbia records. Harmony musical instruments sold overunits.

Although the song has four stanzas, only the first is commonly used today. Adolph Rickenbacher later spelled Rickenbacker produces a working prototype of the electric guitar.

The vibration of the strings over a coil of wire wrapped around a magnet created a current that could be electrically amplified. Martin starts selling Dreadnaught sized flat-top guitars under its own name. They had been making them for Ditson since The broadcast series came about in the early years of the Great Depression to help the financially endangered Metropolitan Opera by attempting to enlarge its audience and support through national exposure on network radio.

These allowed the production of economical built-in power supplies that could be plugged into wall sockets. The design was developed by Western Electric and made available to the public. The earlier vacuum tube amplification designs required heavy multiple battery packs. Electronic amplification of guitar was first widely popularized by the s and s craze for Hawaiian music, to amplify the popular lap steel Hawaiian guitar.

In France, classical guitarist Mario Maccaferri developed a new guitar design to increase volume. With the help of the Selmer Company, the instruments went public. They had an internal resonator, steel reinforced neck and cut-a-way.

The design worked and the acoustic guitar was capable of becoming a lead instrument. RCA introduced the model 77A cardioid pattern dual ribbon microphone for recording and radio broadcast.

The listening public could now hear the nuance of speech and music over the airwaves. Homer Capehart sold his Simplex record changer mechanism to the Wurlitzer Company. Wurlitzer used the invention to produce the jukebox. The jukebox changed the face of popular music by making new tunes available to all.

Instrument manufacturer Dobro made a handful of modified resonator Spanish style guitars with electromagnetic horseshoe pickups. These can be argued to be the first manufactured electric Spanish style guitars with electromagnetic pickups. From tothe Committee was authorized to investigate Nazi propaganda and certain other propaganda activities. The biggest archtop to hit the market and the highest price tag at the height of the depression.

The competition for the biggest and flashiest instruments was on. The trial was broadcast on network radio and the new format found an eager and appreciative audience. These record jockeys, as they were called, were soon entertaining listeners with discs all over the country. The Big Band Era had begun. Mahalia Jackson made her first Gospel recordings. T-Bone Walker began experimenting with a prototype electric guitar and was one of the first guitarists anywhere to play the instrument in public.

The instrument was probably a Rickenbacker Vibrola model. He soon got his hands on a Gibson sunburst ES that he played into the late s. Gibson introduced the ES The was basically a modified L archtop fitted with a bar electromagnetic pickup. It was viewed as the first readily available production model electric guitar. Gibson introduces the Super Jumbo flat-top acoustic guitar. It is seen in the hands of Ray Whitley and Gene Autry on the silver screen. Robert Johnson made his second and last recording session in Dallas, Texas.

Patents were granted to George Beauchamp for the electromagnetic horseshoe pickups, filed originally in and He used the public platform as a way to have his songs heard and tell stories of what he had seen and experienced through the American mid-west and the Dust Bowl years. Bill Monroe forms the Blue Grass Boys, creating a fusion of Appalachian folk music with blues, polka and other genres from around the world. Roy Acuff joined the Grand Ole Opry. Leo Fender was a qualified electronics technician and had been asked to repair radios, phonograph players, home audio amplifiers, public address systems and musical instrument amplifiers.

At the time, most of these were just variations on a few simple vacuum-tube circuits. World War II had begun. The film was a hit. Some historians feel that this marked the beginning of the Western Swing craze. Within a very short time cowboy hats, boots, string ties and rawhide vests were seen all over Southern California. South Carolina native Dizzy Gillespie began an innovative style of trumpet performance that would come to be called BeBop. Guitarist Les Paul signs an endorsement deal with Gibson, appearing in ads with the ES electric archtop model.

They shared a political preference to promoted peace and isolationism before the start of World War II. They featured songs opposing entry into the war. The Almanac Singers supported the change and began to produce many pro-war songs urging the U. The Almanac Singers disbanded when the U.

Epaminondas Epi Strathopoulo of Epiphone dies on June 6th, at age Gobitis that students in public schools could be compelled to swear the Pledge of Allegiance. Barnette — that public school students are not required to say the Pledge of Allegiance. In a later opinion, the Court held that students are also not required to stand for the Pledge.

With the support of one of his clients, guitarist Andre Segovia, he successfully introduced nylon strings for classical guitars. Circus Tent Fire. The tent could seat 9, around three performance rings. To keep it waterproof, the canvas had been treated with 1, lbs kg of paraffin wax dissolved in 6, gallons 23, l of kerosene.

On Thursday a work daythe afternoon performance was estimated at 7, dominated by women and children. A small fire began on the Southwest sidewall of the tent while the Great Wallendas were performing. It accelerated quickly due to the flammable canvas treatment.

As Ringmaster Fred Bradna urged the audience not to panic and to leave in an orderly fashion, the power failed and his instructions could not be heard. The death toll is estimated at with injury estimates of over people. Young Robert Dale Segee confessed to starting the fire but was never tried and later recanted. The Hartford circus fire was one of the worst fire disasters in United States history.

Hal Blaine, famous percussionist of the Wrecking Crew, was one of the small children at the fire. President Roosevelt died. Harry Truman became president of the United States. Mussolini was killed by Italian partisans on April 28th. German forces surrendered in Italy on April 29th and Germany itself surrendered on May 7th. At the order of U. President Harry S. Truman, after 6 months of intense firebombing of 67 other Japanese cities, the nuclear weapon Little Boy was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on Monday, August 6th,followed on August 9th by the detonation of the Fat Man nuclear bomb over Nagasaki.

These are to-date the only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare. RCA Victor and Columbia held out for nearly two years more. Les Paul invents echo-delay, multi-track recording and many other techniques that further expand recording possibilities.

Les Paul takes his homemade experimental semi-solid guitar to Gibson to try to sell the instrument commercially. Gibson says no. The bikini was introduced in Paris. Two-piece swimsuits had been in fashion since the early s, and always covered the navel. He predicted the new fashion would incite a cultural explosion to rival the recent nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll. It took a while for the bikini to catch on in the United States.

Merle sketched an idea for a solid body guitar and asked if Paul could build it for him. It had all six tuning pegs on one side of the headstock and was completed in and played by Merle on numerous recordings, radio and public appearances. Merle claims that Leo Fender borrowed and copied the guitar, but no one seems to know for sure. The Ravens introduce a new form of harmony singing featuring bass vocalist Jimmy Ricks out front with tenor Maithe Marshall floating on top of the melody.

Ampex introduced the first commercially available magnetic tape recording machine in the US The technology had been developed in Nazi Germany in the s. The Ampex Model They also hire future singing stars B. King and Rufus Thomas as DJs. Multitrack magnetic recording was born.

Gordon Jenkins, an arranger-bandleader with connections to Decca Records, heard them there and was impressed. His discovery led to a record deal with Decca. Senator from the State of Wisconsin from until his death in Beginning inMcCarthy became the public face of intense anti-communist suspicion inspired by the tensions of the Cold War. The McCarthy era had begun. The Weavers felt some compromises were worth getting the songs exposed to the public.

The new approach initially proved successful. The Korean War began on June 25th, The forerunner of the Fender Telecaster was Introduced for national distribution as the Broadcaster in the autumn of The earliest versions in the spring of were the single and dual-pickup Esquire models. A wave of young black vocal groups springs up with variations of the style popularized by the Orioles. It tops the charts.

His initial audience was young blacks, but he quickly attracted young white listeners. This helped burn songs into their collective memory. It helped shape the influences of a generation. It remains in production today. Seth Lover joined Gibson as a full-time employee to work in the electronics department. Among other things, he began to work on new pickup designs. Johnny Ace, a former piano player with the Beale Streeters, a group that included blues legends B.

Only three 78rpm and no 45rpm copies are known to exist. The Folkways anthology presented African-American and white roots music as equally valid. Political ballads were treated the same as Creole Chants. Some feel this to be the definitive collection of early American music. He was the former five-star general who served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe. He died during the night. He was 43 years old.

Major hostilities in the Korean War ended with the armistice signed on July 27th. This cleared the way for the manufacture of standardized preamplifiers and the beginning of the audiophile LP) — the research and development of better sounding playback equipment speakers, preamplifiers, amplifiers, phonograph cartridges and turntables.

The owner of Sun Records, Sam Phillips, was out that day. Hays took the Fifth Amendment to avoid prosecution. Seeger simply refused to answer, claiming his First Amendment rights. He was the first to do so after the conviction of the Hollywood Ten in Seeger was found guilty of contempt and placed under restrictions by the court pending appeal.

Seeger was added to the entertainment industry blacklist publication Red Channels. All of the Weavers were placed under FBI surveillance and not allowed to perform on television or radio. Decca Records terminated their recording contract and deleted their records from the Decca catalog.

Since their recordings were denied airplay, they lost all income from royalties. Right-wing and anti-Communist groups protested at their performances and harassed promoters. After this, Pete Seeger built upon his solo career.

He found interest and support in the College Circuit and teaching music to children. Mario Maccaferri introduced plastic guitars. It had worked well with plastic ukuleles inbut the plastic flat-top G and archtop G never really caught on. December — The first issue of Playboy was published. The centerfold was a fully naked Marilyn Monroe stretched upon a deep red velvet background with an upraised arm, closed eyes and open mouth. The first issue sold out within a few weeks. Later inthe Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion.

February 8th: Rep. Charles Oakman R-Mich. Congress passed the necessary legislation and Eisenhower signed the bill into law on Flag Day, June 14th, Pop record companies try desperately to capitalize on the fad by having white artists cover black vocal group records and the increased distribution and radio play assures many of those versions of becoming the hits.

They worked for hours without much luck. Sam stepped out the back of the control room into the ally for a cigarette, tempted to give up on the session. Wide public exposure to Rockabilly was born with the release of the record on July 19th.

Following the show, he was told by Opry manager Jim Denny that he should go back to Memphis and his truck-driving career. Elvis swore never to return. It would be 39 years before that record was broken. Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. It was a come-back for the group following their inclusion on the entertainment industry blacklist. Pete Seeger was convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to discuss his political affiliations with the House Committee of Un-American Activities HUACalthough the conviction was overturned on appeal in May, Louis, Missouri traveled to Chicago where he met Muddy Waters.

Waters suggested he contact Leonard Chess of Chess Records. At that time, Chess had seen the blues market shrink and was looking to move beyond the rhythm and blues market, and he thought Berry might be that artist who could do it. The song ushers in descending pentatonic double-stops, which becomes the essence of rock guitar.

Full-length albums with their higher prices limit their appeal for teenagers and remain largely the realm of adult pop singers for another decade. It killed their hits for four years due to radio blackballing. State police subsequently ban all further rock concerts in the state. Boston follows suit by assembling a record censorship board to prevent dirty rock records from being played on the air.

With censorship prevalent, white cover records still hold a slight edge in radio play but not in sales. Seth Lover begins work on a new humbucking pickup design at Gibson. Ray Butts begins work on a new humbucking pickup design for Gretsch. He appears twice on The Ed Sullivan Show in the fall to big ratings, and releases his first film that November. Donegan had synthesized American Southern Blues with simple acoustic instruments: acoustic guitar, washtub bass and washboard rhythm.

The new style captivated an entire generation of post-war youth in England. The Legality of this motto was quickly challenged as the United States Constitution forbids the government to make any law respecting the establishment of a national religion. The Cuban armed forces trained and equipped by Eastern Bloc nations defeated the invaders within thee days. When the Berliners awoke, they found themselves settled on the side of the border they had slept on. The Berlin Wall stood for nearly 3 decades.

September 26th: Television presented the first Presidential debates for public scrutiny and entertainment, Richard M. Nixon vs John F. FM broadcasts begin in the United States. A new Les Paul Standard is introduced by Gibson.

The double-cutaway design will later be renamed the Les Paul SG. Here he transformed himself from a singer to a songwriter. He wrote the tune at age 19 in For those that could manage to learn and play it well, it was a passport to folk club bookings. May 29th: Adolf Eichmann was hanged, cremated and his ashes scattered at sea. Stuart Sutcliffe dies from a brain hemorrhage. September: James Meredith won a lawsuit to secure admission to the segregated University of Mississippi. He first tried to enter the campus on September 20th, then the 25th, and again on the 26th.

Johnson, Jr. Students and other whites began rioting that afternoon. They threw rocks and fired on the U. Marshals guarding Meredith at Lyceum Hall. Two people, including a French journalist, were killed; 28 marshals had gunshot wounds, and others were injured.

Kennedy responded by sending regular US Army forces to restore law and order. Meredith began classes the day after the troops arrived. During the Cold War and following the Bay of Pigs Operation, the Cuban and Soviet governments secretly began to build bases in Cuba for medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles giving them the ability to strike most of the continental United States.

By late there were more than U. On October 14th an Air Force U-2 plane established photographic proof of Soviet missile bases under construction in Cuba. The period that followed is generally regarded as the time the Cold War was closest to becoming a nuclear conflict. It also marked the first instance of the threat of Mutual Assured Destruction M.

The U. Through secret communications initiated by Khrushchev, a proposal evolved to resolve the crisis. The confrontation ended on October 28th when President John F. The Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba subject to United Nations verification — in exchange for a US agreement never to invade Cuba. Secretly, the US also agreed to dismantle all U. The blockade ended at pm EDT on November 20th.

An additional result of the crisis was a Hotline Agreement and a direct communications link between Moscow and Washington, D. The album was recorded in front of a live audience in the Decca studio.

Kennedy that day. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22nd in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime but was murdered two days later by Jack Ruby before he could be put on trial. Kennedy was shot. By the end of the first week of release, the album had sold more thancopies. The way was clear for the Beatles to launch an American tour. Chuck Berry was released from prison. The Twist craze was diminishing and record companies began to shift toward the surf music boom.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Estimates of the number of participants varied frompolice to overleaders of the march. The song became an anthem for the Civil Rights Movement. This was the first pickup suitable for acoustic guitar. Billboard Chart. It held that position for sven weeks. The single sold 1, copies in the first two weeks.

February 7th: The Beatles took off for the United States. Approximately 74, viewers — almost half of the American population — watched the group perform on the show. Sam Cooke is shot and beaten to death by a motel manager in Los Angeles. Cooke, wearing only a sport coat and shoes, was chasing a young woman who had fled his room with his clothes after he had assaulted her.

He was pronounced dead when police arrived. Spector refused to cut the song to the under 3-minute time required for radio. Instead, the last two digits of the running time were reversed to appear as It took programming directors weeks to discover why shows were suddenly running long. The music was a compilation of styles he had absorbed in his many travels including the study of the Arab oud.

To deal with the mystique and modal approach of the oud, he devised the open tuning DADGAD, now common in acoustic folk music. Early solid-state preamplifiers are released in Japan, manufactured by Nippon Gakki Yamaha. Dolby A noise reduction is developed for the professional recording market by Dolby laboratories, reducing the background hiss on tape recordings. The audience did not respond well. It was the beginning of an international trend that was picked up by many of the fashion designers of the day, including Yves St.

The new Mod look seemed a natural extension of fashion following the development of the birth control pill. Squier Company, and also acquired Electro-Music Inc. The group was manufactured by producers at NBC and fed carefully crafted hit songs that were heavily promoted on radio and the new music media — television.

The Pre-Fab Four were very successful. FOIA is a federal law allowing the full or partial disclosure of previously unreleased information and documents controlled by the United States government. The Act went into effect the following year. Louis published the research of William H.

Masters and Virginia E. Johnson, Human Sexual Response. Evidence emerged of a new disease in the United States. The symptoms would later be related to earlier records from the Congo. The virus had not been isolated nor named.

Charles Kaman had developed groundbreaking helicopter technologies and turned his creative juices toward guitars. He felt that guitars could be improved by a different body cavity made of Lyrachord a version of fiberglass.

The new round backed instruments hit a chord with the space-race conscious public and Ovation Guitars were born. This was the first widely promoted festival of Rock Music and regarded as the beginning of the Summer of Love. The festival helped place California at the center of the music counterculture and became a template for future rock festivals.

June 12th: The U. Supreme Court unanimously ended laws against interracial marriage. Clive Davis became president of Columbia records.

Inspired by what he witnessed and heard, he began to sign Folk-Rock and Rock bands to Columbia. He viewed the new sound as the future of popular music. Columbia doubled its market share within three years. June 17th: After only 26 months of development, China successfully detonated a hydrogen bomb.

The estimated viewing audience was , McLuhan was a professor of English literature, a literary critic, a rhetorician and a communication theorist. On July 23rd, Detroit police vice squad officers executed a raid on an after-hours drinking club in the predominantly black neighborhood at 12th Street and Clairmount Avenue. They found 82 people holding a party for two returning Vietnam veterans.

The officers arrested everyone at the scene. As the police left, a small group lifted up the bars of an adjacent clothing store and broke the windows. The vandalism expanded to looting and arson. Fires spread through the Northwest end of Detroit and then crossed to the East end. Within 48 hours, the National Guard was called out. By the fourth day of riots, the 82nd airborne joined the fray. The violence escalated as the police and military attempted to regain control of the city.

By the end of five days of rioting, 43 people were dead, 1, injured and over 7, had been arrested. August 27th: Beatles Manager Brian Epstein died from a drug overdose at the age of August 27th: President Lyndon Johnson established the Kerner Commission to attempt to understand cause the race riots.

Johnson signed a bill creating the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. November 13th: The first black mayor of a major American city was elected: Carl Stokes, the 51st mayor of Cleveland, Ohio. Play it real pretty. Williams was at the time the head comedy writer for the popular Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour. The music was written and performed by Williams, backed by the Wrecking Crew in LA and arranged by Mike Post who is said to have written the middle horn break.

He was the front runner for the Democratic Presidential nomination. Sheffield Labs markets records made by direct cutting for higher sound quality. Dolby B magnetic tape noise reduction system was released for the consumer market making cassette tapes practical for reasonably high fidelity recordings.

If he would do that, Jacobs would put it into full rotation at the influential station, pretty much guaranteeing a hit. By artistic integrity or pure stubbornness, Webb refused to shorten the 7 minutes, second song.

The song generated such a buzz that within a week Maybellene - Various - The Rock N Roll Super Show Live (Vinyl relented and added it to their rotation. Within a month it rose to 2 nationally. It was the first album the Beatles released under their own label Apple and the largest selling double album of all time. It was a lunchtime concert on January 30th that lasted 42 minutes in the cold winter wind, and was conceived as a filming opportunity for the climax of the Film Let it Be.

Billy Preston joined them on keyboards. The concert was broken up by the police as a disturbance of the peace. Cambodia was recognized as a neutral country at the time. President Nixon had called for the bombings, bypassing the normal chain of command. On July 20th Astronaut Neil Armstrong was the first human to walk on the moon. White Lake is part of the town of Bethel, 43 miles Southwest of Woodstock. The gathering was estimated atAugust 9th: The notion of a peaceful counterculture came to an abrupt end.

Polanski, was in London working on a film project. All five were murdered. They too were brutally murdered. The term came from the song of the same name by the Beatles. At age 47, Jack Kerouac died from internal bleeding due to long-standing alcohol abuse. ECL then changed its name to Norlin Inc.

So began the era characterized by corporate mismanagement and low-quality products; similar to the period of Fender ownership by CBS. The Altamont Speedway Free Festival suffered considerable violence including one homicide and three accidental deaths. The stage was only four feet high. The crowds were not peaceful, and drug use and lack of facilities contributed to the unrest. Ironically, the Grateful Dead never played due to the level of violence and there were four births on-site during the day at the festival.

A single individual became infected with HIV in Haiti and brought the infection to the United States sometime during The genetic make-up of that particular strain of the HIV virus appears to be the one that initially spread rapidly through the high-risk portions of American society — gay men and intravenous drug users. Within a few years, the infection found its way into all aspects of society.

Roy Clark brought the 5-string banjo back to popularity at the same venue. The era of the singer-songwriter had begun. Four students were killed, nine wounded, and one of the nine wounded was paralyzed for life.

Some of those hit were simply watching the protest. The event was the culmination of four days of increasing tension since the Nixon announcement of the Cambodian incursion. On May 5th there was a nation-wide student strike on most college campuses protesting the extension of the war and the killing of the Kent State students. The estimated numbers of students, faculty and administrators involved were 4, On October 27, Congress passed the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act ofwhich, among other things, categorized controlled substances based on their medicinal use and potential for addiction.

Schedule III through V have less severe warnings or descriptions and subsequently, fewer restrictions. He was obsessed LP) the song and was certain it carried a political message. David E. Blackmer developed dbx noise reduction for magnetic tape systems. The process would virtually eliminate tape noise from recordings. Duane Allman of the Allman Brothers Band lost control of his Harley Davidson motorcycle and crashed while trying to avoid a construction vehicle that made an abrupt stop.

He was declared dead at the scene. Upon returning to their apartment, they took heroin and Courson nodded off. He snorted it, starting a bad internal reaction. Ultimately, he hemorrhaged to death while Courson slept. June President Nixon declares a War on Drugs. June The 26th amendment to the Constitution of the United States was passed allowing year-olds to vote. July 1: Louis Armstrong died of a heart attack at age August 1st saw the birth of large-scale benefit concerts.

The Concert for Bangladesh provided relief for the combined disaster of the Bhola cyclonelives lost and the starving refugees of the Bangladesh Liberation War. The concert was organized by George Harrison and Ravi Shankar. Large sums were raised but Apple manager Allen Klein had neglected to register the event for tax-exempt status. He never returns.

The prisoners had held the prison for four days to seek redress for a host of grievances. Governor Nelson Rockefeller had refused to meet with them. December Gloria Steinem publishes the first issue of MS magazine. It eventually became clear that the men were connected to the Committee to re-elect the President by a slush fund.

He bought seven of them. He had seen photos of several of his blues influences playing them and reckoned that they would make good gifts for his friends Steve Winwood, Pete Townshend, and George Harrison. He gave away the cleanest three of them and picked over the remaining four for parts; taking what he liked from each and assembling a personal Stratocaster that would come to be known as Blackie, his main guitar for the next 12 years.

January 22nd: Roe v. Wade — U. There were also rumors of drug use. Richard M. Nixon was elected to a second term as President of the United States. Following the session with Floyd, they were packing their cars with their instruments when Clarence was hit by a drunken driver and dragged up the street about 20 feet. He died the next day. You can take me to the desert and burn me.

I want to go out in a cloud of smoke. On October 17th, Arab nations began an oil embargo on the United States in an effort to raise oil prices and attempt to alter the American support of Israel. Augustino LoPrinzi quit the company and opened a new guitar manufacturing facility next door in Rosemont New Jersey. Working with luthier Richard Schneider he developed a new approach to bracing the instruments. All other aspects of the construction were also affected. Clive Davis became the president of Arista records after taking the time to write his memoirs.

He continued his long history of recognizing and signing major talents to the new label. President Richard M. Nixon resigned his office on August 9th facing near-certain impeachment in the House of Representatives and conviction in the Senate for conspiring to cover up the Watergate Break-in of He was succeeded by Gerald Ford who eventually issued a full pardon.

President Nixon is the only President to date to resign his office. Between and production of Gibson guitars was shifted from Kalamazoo to Nashville Tennessee. Quality of the early instruments built in Nashville was plagued by climate-control problems in the humid South and inexperienced workers. The Kalamazoo plant was temporarily kept operating as the Gibson Custom Shop.

He was found unresponsive, naked on his bathroom floor and was pronounced dead at pm at Baptist Memorial Hospital. United States copyright law was amended to give artists the right to regain legal rights to their work 35 years after January 1st, It is expected that record companies will litigate when the time comes to retain the rights. There is a lot at stake: at one of the four major record companies; the back catalog constitutes 90 percent of their income.

The first test tube baby is born in the United Kingdom. The small cassette player could be carried in a pocket and used with small headphones. A new market was born. Lennon was pronounced dead upon arrival at the emergency room of the Roosevelt Hospital at pm.

Lennon was cremated and his ashes spread over the area of Central Park, where the Strawberry Fields memorial now stands. Chapman remains in prison where he has been repeatedly denied parole. AMF Corporation gave up trying to make money building guitars. This was the birth of the World Wide Web www. The first cases were a cluster of intravenous drug users and homosexual men who showed symptoms of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia PCPa rare opportunistic infection that was known to only occur in people with very compromised immune systems.

This made cassette tape sound very similar in quality to records. Unfortunately, CDs were released the same year. MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface was defined as an industry-standard protocol enabling electronic musical instruments including keyboards to communicate with computers. A MIDI trigger could generate any sound sample or waveform within a computer program that could then be directed to an amplifier and speakers.

Michael Jackson releases the album Thriller which quickly became the largest selling album in history, topping 25 million sold. Barney Clark receives the Jarvik-7 artificial heart implanted by Dr. William DeVries. Clark lived for days. The Rock and Roll Foundation was created on April 20th, but had no place to call home for several more years.

Two separate research groups published their findings in the same issue of the journal Science. It would not be until that the research community would agree on a name for their discoveries — Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV.

The awards were statuettes of an astronaut with an American flag on the moon. The event was hosted by Bette Midler and Dan Aykroyd. Gibson sold off its original manufacturing facilities in Kalamazoo Michigan. A group of Gibson Kalamazoo employees led by former Gibson plant manager Jim Deurloo acquired the old factories and a new line of instruments emerged; Heritage Guitars, based upon some original Gibson designs.

The sale was completed in March. CBS did not make it easy for the new owners — they sold the Fullerton, California factories separately. Fender was forced to start from scratch. Eric Clapton retired his Fender Stratocaster Blackie from service after 12 years of using it as his main guitar, following his world tour.

Madonna launched her first major tour, The Virgin Tour. Suzanne Vega released her debut album of the same name. She would later, inopen the first Lilith Fair show. Day was established as a US National Holiday after considerable debate and over significant opposition. Juszkiewicz, David H. Berryman, and Gary A. The grand old company had been reduced to a single line of Les Paul guitars and was reported to be within three months of closing its doors. This made it possible to make an exact clone copy of CDs or any other audio source 16 bit, 48, This made the CD industry a bit nervous.

The induction speech was delivered by Mick Jagger. It was a consortium of organizations dedicated to satellite broadcast of telephone, fax and digital signals — the precursor to satellite radio. The audience seemed to like it.

Fender honored Eric Clapton as the first artist to have a Stratocaster signature model. Clapton had contributed to the success of the Stratocaster by his extensive use of the instrument Blackie for performance and recording during the s.

Vinyl records are outsold by CDs. Tracy Chapman released her debut album of the same name. The Indigo Girls released their debut album. It breathed new life into some classic music and past musical heroes. The auctioneer was Hilary Kay. It was the largest sum ever paid for an electric guitar.

Ani DiFranco releases her debut album. The browser could access Usenet newsgroups and FTP files as well. However, it could run only on the NeXT.

Nicola Pellow then created a simple text browser, called the Line Mode Browser, that could run on almost any computer. Now there was a standard format for music compression that could allow music to be sent easily over the internet.

Rock promoter Bill Graham died on October 25th in a helicopter that struck a utility tower. The concept was to set up a satellite-based digital radio service. The ribbon was cut by a small group that included Yoko Ono and Little Richard. Jewel Jewel Kilcher released Pieces of You. Dolly the Sheep became the fitst mammal cloned from an adult cell. Dolly died in In the first 18 months of its availability, it was downloaded by 15 million users.

The first year included Jewel and was the top-grossing tour of On the next night May 15th the lights of the Las Vegas Strip were dimmed for ten minutes in his honor. Sinatra had suffered from senile dementia and had made no public appearances following a heart attack in January of By writing this code, he pioneered peer-to-peer file sharing and removed the big music studios and major retailers as profit-minded intermediaries and created an entirely new paradigm for music and media consumption.

He turned out to be a 15 year old Norwegian by the name Jon Lech Johansen. He worked out the decryption with two other programmers whose identities are still unknown.

Harrison left his bedroom to investigate while his wife, Olivia, phoned the police. Abram attacked Harrison with a seven-inch kitchen knife, inflicting seven stab wounds, puncturing a lung and causing head injuries before Olivia Harrison stopped the attack by beating Abram with a fire poker. The attack lasted almost fifteen minutes. Before this, his bolt-on necks still required the fretboard extension to be glued to the top. With this development, the neck was fully independent and was fitted into a pre-formed pocket.

The claim was that neck resets would be simpler, but the whole assembly followed the Leo Fender notion of simplified mass-production and greater potential profit. The English folk singer-songwriter had died 25 years earlier and his final album Pink Moon had a small cult following but had originally sold only a few thousand copies. Four commercial passenger jetliners were hijacked. One was crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, and one plot was foiled by the passengers, and ultimately crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

There were no survivors on any of the flights. In total, 2, people died in the attacks. Songs could be found, bought and cataloged individually. On October 23rd, iPod portable media players were introduced by Apple to store and play the music and video purchased on iTunes. On September 7th, Acoustic Music. Org opened its doors in Guilford, CT. This protocol has become a standard for distributing large amounts of data on the internet.

In August alone, more than three billion music files were traded on-line by a peer-to-peer protocol like Napster for free. The music industry was not amused. Napster was attacked with traditional lawsuits and forced to shut down for encouraging, aiding and abetting copyright infringement. He was under the care of Dr. Gilbert Lederman, a staff radiation oncologist. A complaint was later brought against Dr.

The complaint alleges that Dr. Lederman and his family came to visit Harrison and began singing and playing a guitar they brought. Lederman asked Harrison to autograph the guitar.

Harrison responded I do not even know if I know how to sign my name anymore. You can do this. The cause of death was listed on his Los Angeles County death certificate as metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. He was cremated at Hollywood Forever Cemetery and his ashes were scattered in the Ganges River by his close family in a private ceremony according to Hindu tradition. Jack Johnson released his debut album. The murder has not yet been solved.

January 1st saw the introduction of the Euro to replace francs, lire, guilders, marks, pesetas, drachmas, escudos and markkas. November 25th the Department of Homeland Security was formed to unify 22 separate intelligence agencies. On April 28th, Apple unveiled the iTunes Music Store music could be downloaded for 99 cents per song.

It was a theoretical win-win small amounts of money, legal rights, and the artists would be paid. It was not at all clear whether the system would work since it was so easy to download music for free. The landscape of music distribution was changing now you could legally buy the music you wanted — not forced to buy whole albums for a single song. Thursday, June 24th Auction House Christies — New York held the 1st of several sales of the Eric Clapton guitar collection for the benefit of the Crossroads Centre for addiction rehabilitation in Antigua.

Lot number 88 was Blackie, the Fender Stratocaster that Clapton had assembled from various used Strats see The instrument had been used steadily by Clapton since for touring, writing, and recording. The bidders were financially backed by Guitar Center.

This set a new record for the highest amount fetched by an electric guitar. Among its many other voyeuristic opportunities, musicians could actually see how it was done. The catastrophic failure of the poorly engineered and poorly maintained protective levee system left the reality of a man-made disaster.

He struck his head on the concrete floor, was rushed to the hospital, but never recovered. He died on December 14th and was buried next to family members in Turkey. On July 29th the merger was complete and a monopoly established in satellite, subscription-based, radio distribution. September 14th — Securities consisting of Bundled mortgages that had been sold all over the planet by major American Investment Houses began to falter. Faith in the securities devolved as they became better understood.

A mortgage represents a promise from one person to a bank for repayment. They are effectively the creation of money. Once these were resold, bundled with others and sold again, these creative investment instruments had been separated from the original promise and no longer represented any measurable value. In essence, the Emperor had no clothes. September 15th Lehman Brothers heavily leveraged in bundled mortgage securities filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

This became the largest filing for bankruptcy in US history to date. The money supply that had fueled economic expansion for the past eight years collapsed. In DecemberPresident George W. The Act was designed to strengthen protection for rights holders and increase penalties for counterfeiting and infringement of intellectual property rights. Among other amendments to the Copyright Act, the PRO-Act established that registration is not a prerequisite for criminal prosecution of copyright infringement.

The drop occurred over only 17 months. June 22nd Kodak stopped production of the iconic 35mm Kodachrome color film — the digital imaging technologies had rendered the rich colors of traditional film obsolete. November 5th U. The measure also encourages the United States government to preserve and advance the art form of jazz music. It passed with a vote of to 0 on December 15th, The frequencies between to MHz MHz spectrum had traditionally been used for music and entertainment industry wireless devices wireless headsets, microphones, guitar remotes, personal monitor systems, etc.

The use of the MHz bandwidth was ordered to cease operations by June 12th, The cease and desist applied to all wireless systems users even if they had a valid FCC license.

The Pledge of Allegiance was added to the National Anthem at the opening of basketball and football games. Digital sales of individual music tracks exceeded CD sales for the first time. In July, Tennessee legislators made it unlawful to teach anything but creationism.

John Scopes, a high school teacher in Dayton, decided to test the law. Henry Ford introduced the 8-hour workday and the 5-day workweek. This was in reaction to the depressed auto industry.

Other industrialists were afraid of the precedent but the AFL welcomed the move as a means of controlling overproduction and reducing unemployment.

Charles A. Lindbergh flies a Ryan monoplane — named Spirit of St. Louis — on the first solo transatlantic flight and first non-stop fixed-wing aircraft flight between America and mainland Europe on May 20th — May 21st.

The flight was 3, nautical miles 6, kmfrom Long Island to Paris, in The flight was timed by the Longines watch company. Americans will buy more than , phonograph records during this year. He is now setting whole phrases ahead of or behind the beat, not just pulling single notes. This will set the stage for Swing. Armstrong is now a star and because of him, New Orleans style ensemble playing is disappearing and is being replaced by Chicago and New York-style solos.

In short, Jazz is Maybellene - Various - The Rock N Roll Super Show Live (Vinyl a soloist art primarily because of Armstrong. Bing Crosby joins the Paul Whiteman band. They took the names of everybody that was caught with alcohol. They had already closed a number of the South Side black-and-tans.

Chicago would soon fall as the Jazz capital. John Dopyera invented the resonator guitar in an effort to increase the volume of the 6 stringed instruments to better compete with banjos for the rhythm sections of bands. The partnership only lasted until The first signature series guitar was instigated by the Gibson Company for Nick Lucas — a popular singer and musician of the day. He lives in a caravan near a cemetery. His wife sells silk flowers to support them.

One night, Django is trying to remove a rat and he catches the flowers on fire with a candle. He burns his legs and his left hand badly saving his wife. His left hand never completely healed with two fingers partially paralyzed. He nevertheless became a great guitarist in months. Walt Disney released the first Mickey Mouse silent film Plane Crazyand later the same year, Steamboat Willythe first animated cartoon with sound.

His fiery and romantic performance touched the hearts and imaginations of the public and led to five more sold-out New York City performances and then an equally successful tour of 25 American cities. Hundreds of young musicians were inspired to take up the versatile and expressive instrument.

Martin introduces the OM sized and scaled flat-top guitar. Martin also introduced the first 14 fret neck-body intersection. On March 5th, in the early morning, Eddie Condon suggests to Tommy Rockwell producer of the Hot Fives and Sevens that he take the opportunity to record Armstrong with some of the superb musicians who have gathered to honor Armstrong.

Rockwell is concerned about a mixed group but goes ahead anyway. Duke Ellington appears in a short called Black and Tan. Ellington is portrayed as a handsome, elegant, hard-working composer even though the subject matter is degrading. Memphis Minnie signed with Columbia records. Harmony musical instruments sold overunits. Although the song has four stanzas, only the first is commonly used today. Adolph Rickenbacher later spelled Rickenbacker produces a working prototype of the electric guitar.

The vibration of the strings over a coil of wire wrapped around a magnet created a current that could be electrically amplified. Martin starts selling Dreadnaught sized flat-top guitars under its own name. They had been making them for Ditson since The broadcast series came about in the early years of the Great Depression to help the financially endangered Metropolitan Opera by attempting to enlarge its audience and support through national exposure on network radio.

These allowed the production of economical built-in power supplies that could be plugged into wall sockets. The design was developed by Western Electric and made available to the public. The earlier vacuum tube amplification designs required heavy multiple battery packs. Electronic amplification of guitar was first widely popularized by the s and s craze for Hawaiian music, to amplify the popular lap steel Hawaiian guitar. In France, classical guitarist Mario Maccaferri developed a new guitar design to increase volume.

With the help of the Selmer Company, the instruments went public. They had an internal resonator, steel reinforced neck and cut-a-way. The design worked and the acoustic guitar was capable of becoming a lead instrument. RCA introduced the model 77A cardioid pattern dual ribbon microphone for recording and radio broadcast.

The listening public could now hear the nuance of speech and music over the airwaves. Homer Capehart sold his Simplex record changer mechanism to the Wurlitzer Company. Wurlitzer used the invention to produce the jukebox. The jukebox changed the face of popular music by making new tunes available to all.

Instrument manufacturer Dobro made a handful of modified resonator Spanish style guitars with electromagnetic horseshoe pickups. These can be argued to be the first manufactured electric Spanish style guitars with electromagnetic pickups. From tothe Committee was authorized to investigate Nazi propaganda and certain other propaganda activities. The biggest archtop to hit the market and the highest price tag at the height of the depression.

The competition for the biggest and flashiest instruments was on. The trial was broadcast on network radio and the new format found an eager and appreciative audience. These record jockeys, as they were called, were soon entertaining listeners with discs all over the country. The Big Band Era had begun. Mahalia Jackson made her first Gospel recordings. T-Bone Walker began experimenting with a prototype electric guitar and was one of the first guitarists anywhere to play the instrument in public.

The instrument was probably a Rickenbacker Vibrola model. He soon got his hands on a Gibson sunburst ES that he played into the late s. Gibson introduced the ES The was basically a modified L archtop fitted with a bar electromagnetic pickup.

It was viewed as the first readily available production model electric guitar. Gibson introduces the Super Jumbo flat-top acoustic guitar. It is seen in the hands of Ray Whitley and Gene Autry on the silver screen.

Robert Johnson made his second and last recording session in Dallas, Texas. Patents were granted to George Beauchamp for the electromagnetic horseshoe pickups, filed originally in and He used the public platform as a way to have his songs heard and tell stories of what he had seen and experienced through the American mid-west and the Dust Bowl years. Bill Monroe forms the Blue Grass Boys, creating a fusion of Appalachian folk music with blues, polka and other genres from around the world.

Roy Acuff joined the Grand Ole Opry. Leo Fender was a qualified electronics technician and had been asked to repair radios, phonograph players, home audio amplifiers, public address systems and musical instrument amplifiers.

At the time, most of these were just variations on a few simple vacuum-tube circuits. World War II had begun. The film was a hit. Some historians feel that this marked the beginning of the Western Swing craze.

Within a very short time cowboy hats, boots, string ties and rawhide vests were seen all over Southern California. South Carolina native Dizzy Gillespie began an innovative style of trumpet performance that would come to be called BeBop. Guitarist Les Paul signs an endorsement deal with Gibson, appearing in ads with the ES electric archtop model. They shared a political preference to promoted peace and isolationism before the start of World War II.

They featured songs opposing entry into the war. The Almanac Singers supported the change and began to produce many pro-war songs urging the U. The Almanac Singers disbanded when the U. Epaminondas Epi Strathopoulo of Epiphone dies on June 6th, at age Gobitis that students in public schools could be compelled to swear the Pledge of Allegiance. Barnette — that public school students are not required to say the Pledge of Allegiance.

In a later opinion, the Court held that students are also not required to stand for the Pledge. With the support of one of his clients, guitarist Andre Segovia, he successfully introduced nylon strings for classical guitars. Circus Tent Fire. The tent could seat 9, around three performance rings. To keep it waterproof, the canvas had been treated with 1, lbs kg of paraffin wax dissolved in 6, gallons 23, l of kerosene.

On Thursday a work daythe afternoon performance was estimated at 7, dominated by women and children. A small fire began on the Southwest sidewall of the tent while the Great Wallendas were performing. It accelerated quickly due to the flammable canvas treatment. As Ringmaster Fred Bradna urged the audience not to panic and to leave in an orderly fashion, the power failed and his instructions could not be heard.

The death toll is estimated at with injury estimates of over people. Young Robert Dale Segee confessed to starting the fire but was never tried and later recanted. The Hartford circus fire was one of the worst fire disasters in United States history. Hal Blaine, famous percussionist of the Wrecking Crew, was one of the small children at the fire. President Roosevelt died. Harry Truman became president of the United States. Mussolini was killed by Italian partisans on April 28th. German forces surrendered in Italy on April 29th and Germany itself surrendered on May 7th.

At the order of U. President Harry S. Truman, after 6 months of intense firebombing of 67 other Japanese cities, the nuclear weapon Little Boy was dropped on the city of Hiroshima on Monday, August 6th,followed on August 9th by the detonation of the Fat Man nuclear bomb over Nagasaki.

These are to-date the only attacks with nuclear weapons in the history of warfare. RCA Victor and Columbia held out for nearly two years more. Les Paul invents echo-delay, multi-track recording and many other techniques that further expand recording possibilities. Les Paul takes his homemade experimental semi-solid guitar to Gibson to try to sell the instrument commercially.

Gibson says no. The bikini was introduced in Paris. Two-piece swimsuits had been in fashion since the early s, and always covered the navel. He predicted the new fashion would incite a cultural explosion to rival the recent nuclear tests at Bikini Atoll. It took a while for the bikini to catch on in the United States. Merle sketched an idea for a solid body guitar and asked if Paul could build it for him.

It had all six tuning pegs on one side of the headstock and was completed in and played by Merle on numerous recordings, radio and public appearances. Merle claims that Leo Fender borrowed and copied the guitar, but no one seems to know for sure.

The Ravens introduce a new form of harmony singing featuring bass vocalist Jimmy Ricks out front with tenor Maithe Marshall floating on top of the melody.

Ampex introduced the first commercially available magnetic tape recording machine in the US The technology had been developed in Nazi Germany in the s. The Ampex Model They also hire future singing stars B. King and Rufus Thomas as DJs. Multitrack magnetic recording was born. Gordon Jenkins, an arranger-bandleader with connections to Decca Records, heard them there and was impressed.

His discovery led to a record deal with Decca. Senator from the State of Wisconsin from until his death in Beginning inMcCarthy became the public face of intense anti-communist suspicion inspired by the tensions of the Cold War.

The McCarthy era had begun. The Weavers felt some compromises were worth getting the songs exposed to the public. The new approach initially proved successful.

The Korean War began on June 25th, The forerunner of the Fender Telecaster was Introduced for national distribution as the Broadcaster in the autumn of The earliest versions in the spring of were the single and dual-pickup Esquire models. A wave of young black vocal groups springs up with variations of the style popularized by the Orioles. It tops the charts. His initial audience was young blacks, but he quickly attracted young white listeners. This helped burn songs into their collective memory.

It helped shape the influences of a generation. It remains in production today. Seth Lover joined Gibson as a full-time employee to work in the electronics department.

Among other things, he began to work on new pickup designs. Johnny Ace, a former piano player with the Beale Streeters, a group that included blues legends B. Only three 78rpm and no 45rpm copies are known to exist. The Folkways anthology presented African-American and white roots music as equally valid. Political ballads were treated the same as Creole Chants. Some feel this to be the definitive collection of early American music.

He was the former five-star general who served as Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe. He died during the night. He was 43 years old. Major hostilities in the Korean War ended with the armistice signed on July 27th. This cleared the way for the manufacture of standardized preamplifiers and the beginning of the audiophile market — the research and development of better sounding playback equipment speakers, preamplifiers, amplifiers, phonograph cartridges and turntables.

The owner of Sun Records, Sam Phillips, was out that day. Hays took the Fifth Amendment to avoid prosecution. Seeger simply refused to answer, claiming his First Amendment rights. He was the first to do so after the conviction of the Hollywood Ten in Seeger was found guilty of contempt and placed under restrictions by the court pending appeal. Seeger was added to the entertainment industry blacklist publication Red Channels.

All of the Weavers were placed under FBI surveillance and not allowed to perform on television or radio. Decca Records terminated their recording contract and deleted their records from the Decca catalog.

Since their recordings were denied airplay, they lost all income from royalties. Right-wing and anti-Communist groups protested at their performances and harassed promoters.

After this, Pete Seeger built upon his solo career. He found interest and support in the College Circuit and teaching music to children. Mario Maccaferri introduced plastic guitars. It had worked well with plastic ukuleles inbut the plastic flat-top G and archtop G never really caught on.

December — The first issue of Playboy was published. The centerfold was a fully naked Marilyn Monroe stretched upon a deep red velvet background with an upraised arm, closed eyes and open mouth. The first issue sold out within a few weeks. Later inthe Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, making him one of the few senators ever to be disciplined in this fashion.

February 8th: Rep. Charles Oakman R-Mich. Congress passed the necessary legislation and Eisenhower signed the bill into law on Flag Day, June 14th, Pop record companies try desperately to capitalize on the fad by having white artists cover black vocal group records and the increased distribution and radio play assures many of those Maybellene - Various - The Rock N Roll Super Show Live (Vinyl of becoming the hits.

They worked for hours without much luck. Sam stepped out the back of the control room into the ally for a cigarette, tempted to give up on the session. Wide public exposure to Rockabilly was born with the release of the record on July 19th. Following the show, he was told by Opry manager Jim Denny that he should go back to Memphis and his truck-driving career.

Elvis swore never to return. It would be 39 years before that record was broken. Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. It was a come-back for the group following their inclusion on the entertainment industry blacklist. Pete Seeger was convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to discuss his political affiliations with the House Committee of Un-American Activities HUACalthough the conviction was overturned on appeal in May, Louis, Missouri traveled to Chicago where he met Muddy Waters.

Waters suggested he contact Leonard Chess of Chess Records. At that time, Chess had seen the blues market shrink and was looking to move beyond the rhythm and blues market, and he thought Berry might be that artist who could do it.

The song ushers in descending pentatonic double-stops, which becomes the essence of rock guitar. Full-length albums with their higher prices limit their appeal for teenagers and remain largely the realm of adult pop singers for another decade. It killed their hits for four years due to radio blackballing. State police subsequently ban all further rock concerts in the state. Boston follows suit by assembling a record censorship board to prevent dirty rock records from being played on the air.

With censorship prevalent, white cover records still hold a slight edge in radio play but not in sales. Seth Lover begins work on a new humbucking pickup design at Gibson. Ray Butts begins work on a new humbucking pickup design for Gretsch. He appears twice on The Ed Sullivan Show in the fall to big ratings, and releases his first film that November. Donegan had synthesized American Southern Blues with simple acoustic instruments: acoustic guitar, washtub bass and washboard rhythm.

The new style captivated an entire generation of post-war youth in England. The Legality of this motto was quickly challenged as the United States Constitution forbids the government to make any law respecting the establishment of a national religion.

The official cause of death was acute hepatitis. It is widely accepted that this was brought on by alcoholism. Kerouac is recognized for his spontaneous method of writing on topics including Catholic spirituality, jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, poverty, and travel. There is still disagreement as to who designed the first humbucker. On his final Ed Sullivan appearance, Elvis Presley is filmed from the waist up.

The screams from the studio audience only make what the home viewer was missing even more suggestive. Jailhouse Rock, starring Elvis Presley, is considered the best rock film and introduces a precursor to the rock video, as the title song has an elaborate setting in a jail cell choreographed by Presley himself. The ratings, however, beat the top-ranked Ed Sullivan Show f or the first time that year.

The stroll becomes the first dance associated with rock. In August, The Weavers reassembled for a series of recording sessions for Vanguard. The group was booked by Vanguard for a January 15th, session to record a rock-and-roll single.

In February, Gilbert, Hays, and Hellerman overruled Seeger about recording a cigarette ad for a tobacco company. Seeger opposed the idea as a sell-out to commercial interests. He decided to resign. Seeger honored his commitment to record the jingle and then left the group on March 3rd, Lennon met Paul McCartney on July 6th and added him to the group a few days later. Following the dance, Paul played a few of his own songs. It was inspirational for John Lennon. White rockers seldom wrote their own music, except perhaps for Buddy Holly.

Atlantic Records began to record and release stereo records. Clarence White 13 and his brother Roland 19 started the Kentucky Colonels to join and expand the tradition of Bluegrass music.

In England, guitar sales reachedunits. This was up from 5, in due, in large part, to the popularity of Lonnie Donegan and Skiffle Music. Sales were not good initially but the iconic shaped guitar eventually found a home in electric blues.

On February 6th, George Harrison was invited to watch the Quarrymen. Harrison joined the band as lead guitarist shortly after. Elvis Presley is inducted into the Army in March for a two-year hitch overseas. The author of poetry, translations, fiction, theatre, art criticism, and film narration is best known for A Coney Island of the Mind New York: New Directions,a collection of poems that has been translated into nine languages, with sales over 1, copies.

Gibson introduced the ES is an attempt to find a middle ground — a warmer tone than a solid body but still capable of producing little or no feedback. They paved the way for the s. He cuts the tour short and is blackballed by American radio and television. Billboard magazine begins the Hotexpanding the Pop Charts to allow more records to become certified hits.

The power chord first appears in records by guitarists Link Wray and Eddie Cochran. During the summer, some of the Gibson Goldtop models were replaced with a new sunburst finish. It had been brewing with French involvement for years but Maybellene - Various - The Rock N Roll Super Show Live (Vinyl a ramp-up of American advisors and servicemen in Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens and J.

Holly had assembled a band for the winter tour made up of Tommy Allsup on guitar, Carl Bunch on drums and Waylon Jennings on bass, to be billed as The Crickets. Waylon Jennings gave up his seat on the small plane to go by bus. Alan Freed is its main target and becomes its biggest casualty, as he is found guilty and taken off the air as a result.

Radio stations respond by voluntarily putting severe restrictions on what they will play, including widely adopting the Top 40 format which limits how many songs are approved for airing. The rock instrumental has its biggest year ever in response to rock music facing bans for lyrical content. The concept was to elevate the music of the people to greater public prominence. Byhe had freed himself of a decade-long heroin addiction and emerged a stronger musician.

His sound had evolved to include a Harmon mute wah-wah mute held close to the microphone. He frequently chose songs from the Great American Songbook as starting points for improvisation.

Hard bop was a departure from cool jazz with a harder beat and blues-inspired roots. Inthe US House of Representatives voted to 0, passing a resolution to honor Kind of Blue as a national treasure. During a recording session for the US Armed Services in New York City at the Birdland nightclub, he stepped outside the front of the club during a break. Kilduff grabbed him and put him under arrest.

Witnesses said the policeman used a nightstick to punch Davis in the stomach without provocation. Two detectives held back the crowd while a third came up behind Davis and beat him about the head. Davis was taken to jail and charged with assaulting an officer. He was then taken to the hospital and received five stitches. By Januaryhe was acquitted of disorderly conduct and third-degree assault. It will eventually become the most successful black-owned and operated company in American history, not just in music, with million records sold.

Gibson shipped Les Paul Bursts during the year. After being fired from the club, the girl was arrested on a prostitution charge and Berry was arrested under the Mann Act. By the late s, folk music was surging and McCarthyism fading. A recent fatal human disease was identified and carefully documented in the Congo. It would later become known throughout the world as HIV. The drummer for the tour was Tommy Moore.

The Beatles invited Pete Best to become their drummer on August 12th. On November 21st, Harrison was deported for having lied to the German authorities about his age. A week later, after setting a condom on fire which they had hung on a nail at the Bambi Kino where they had been livingMcCartney and Pete Best were arrested for arson and deported. The reunited group played an engagement on December 17th at the Casbah Club, with Chas Newby on bass. Gibson ships Les Paul Bursts before ceasing production of the model.

The model is described in the Gibson catalog as the Les Paul Standard. In September, the FCC banned Payola — the common practice of record companies paying radio disc jockeys to play their new releases. The payment was not always in dollars. Searle is the first and only pharmaceutical company to sell an oral contraceptive and gain a lucrative monopoly. The pharmaceutical industry suddenly awoke to the substantial market for effective contraception and 13 major drug companies nine of them American began work to develop their own versions of the Pill.

The sexual revolution began. Kennedy by Executive Order Eichmann was charged with 15 counts of war crimes, crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership in a hostile organization. The charges accused Eichmann of being responsible for the enslavement, starvation, persecution, transportation and murder of millions of Jews as well as the deportation of hundreds of thousands of Poles and Gypsies.

The trial was intended to shed light on the horror and reality of the Holocaust. The resulting press helped educate the world about the Third Reich. Three judges found Eichmann guilty on all 15 counts. On December 15th, Eichmann was sentenced to death see April 12th: The Soviets launched the first man into space. On the spacecraft Vostok 1, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first person to enter space and the first to orbit the Earth.

Kennedy became president, The Bay of Pigs Invasion began. The Cuban armed forces trained and equipped by Eastern Bloc nations defeated the invaders within thee days. When the Berliners awoke, they found themselves settled on the side of the border they had slept on. The Berlin Wall stood for nearly 3 decades. September 26th: Television presented the first Presidential debates for public scrutiny and entertainment, Richard M.

Nixon vs John F. FM broadcasts begin in the United States. A new Les Paul Standard is introduced by Gibson. The double-cutaway design will later be renamed the Les Paul SG.

Here he transformed himself from a singer to a songwriter. He wrote the tune at age 19 in For those that could manage to learn and play it well, it was a passport to folk club bookings. May 29th: Adolf Eichmann was hanged, cremated and his ashes scattered at sea. Stuart Sutcliffe dies from a brain hemorrhage. September: James Meredith won a lawsuit to secure admission to the segregated University of Mississippi.

He first tried to enter the campus on September 20th, then the 25th, and again on the 26th. Johnson, Jr. Students and other whites began rioting that afternoon. They threw rocks and fired on the U. Marshals guarding Meredith at Lyceum Hall. Two people, including a French journalist, were killed; 28 marshals had gunshot wounds, and others were injured.

Kennedy responded by sending regular US Army forces to restore law and order. Meredith began classes the day after the troops arrived. During the Cold War and following the Bay of Pigs Operation, the Cuban and Soviet governments secretly began to build bases in Cuba for medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles giving them the ability to strike most of the continental United States.

By late there were more than U. On October 14th an Air Force U-2 plane established photographic proof of Soviet missile bases under construction in Cuba.

The period that followed is generally regarded as the time the Cold War was closest to becoming a nuclear conflict. It also marked the first instance of the threat of Mutual Assured Destruction M. The U. Through secret communications initiated by Khrushchev, a proposal evolved to resolve the crisis. The confrontation ended on October 28th when President John F. The Soviets would dismantle their offensive weapons in Cuba subject to United Nations verification — in exchange for a US agreement never to invade Cuba.

Secretly, the US also agreed to dismantle all U. The blockade ended at pm EDT on November 20th. An additional result of the crisis was a Hotline Agreement and a direct communications link between Moscow and Washington, D. The album was recorded in front of a live audience in the Decca studio.

Kennedy that day. President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22nd in Dallas, Texas. Lee Harvey Oswald was charged with the crime but was murdered two days later by Jack Ruby before he could be put on trial.

Kennedy was shot. By the end of the first week of release, the album had sold more thancopies. The way was clear for the Beatles to launch an American tour.

Chuck Berry was released from prison. The Twist craze was diminishing and record companies began to shift toward the surf music boom.

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