RCA Victor introduced an early version of a long-playing record for home use in September They were to be played with a special "Chromium Orange" chrome-plated steel needle.
The inch discs, mostly used for popular and light classical music, were normally pressed in shellac, but the inch discs, mostly used for "serious" classical music, were normally pressed in Victor's new vinyl-based "Victrolac" compound, which provided a much quieter playing surface. These records could hold up to 15 minutes per side. Beethoven's Fifth Album)performed by the Philadelphia Orchestra under Leopold Stokowskiwas the first inch recording issued.
The New York Times wrote, "What we were not prepared for was the quality of reproduction Unfortunately for Victor, it was downhill from there. Many of the subsequent issues were not new recordings but simply dubs made from existing 78 rpm record sets.
The dubs were audibly inferior to the original 78s. Record sales in the US had dropped from a high of Except Keep Playing - Kinobe - Wide Open (Vinyl a few recordings of background music for funeral parlors, the last of the issued titles had been purged from the Victor record catalog by the end of the decade. The failure of the new product left RCA Victor with a low opinion of the prospects for any sort of long-playing record, influencing product development decisions during the coming decade.
CBS Laboratories head research scientist Peter Goldmark led Columbia's team to develop a phonograph record that would hold at least 20 minutes per side. Research began inwas suspended during World War II, and then resumed in All inch pressings were of grams vinyl. Columbia may have planned for the Bach album ML to be the first since the Keep Playing - Kinobe - Wide Open (Vinyl came in alphabetical order by composer the first 54 LPS, ML thru MLare in order from Bach to Tchaikowsky However Nathan Milstein was very popular in the s so his performance of the Mendelssohn concerto was moved to ML There is also a CD copy of ML When the LP was introduced inthe 78 was the conventional format for phonograph records.
By78s still accounted for slightly more than half of the units sold in the United States, and just under half of the dollar sales. Canada and the UK continued production into LP, while India, the Philippines, and South Africa produced 78s untilwith the last holdout, Argentina, continuing until The popularity of the LP ushered in the " Album Era " of English-language popular music, beginning in the late s, as performers took advantage of the longer playing time to create coherent themes or concept albums.
But for the '70s it will remain the basic musical unit, and that's OK with me. Although the popularity of LPs began to decline in the late s with the advent of Compact Cassettesand later compact discsthe LP survives as a format to the present day. Vinyl LP records enjoyed a resurgence in the early s. The LP was soon confronted by the "45", a 7-inch mm diameter fine-grooved vinyl record playing at 45 rpm, introduced by RCA Victor in To compete with the LP, boxed album sets of 45s were issued, along with EP extended play 45s, which squeezed two or even three selections onto each side.
Despite intense marketing efforts by RCA Victor, the 45 ultimately succeeded only in replacing the 78 as the preferred format for singles. The "last hurrah" for the 78 rpm record in the US was the microgroove 78 series pressed for the Audiophile label Ewing Nunn, Saukville, Wis.
This series was labeled AP-1 through about AP, pressed on grainless red vinyl. Today AP-1 through AP-5 are very scarce. By very tightly packing the fine groove, a playing time of 17 minutes per side was achieved. Reel-to-reel magnetic tape recorders posed a new challenge to the LP in the s, but the higher cost of pre-recorded tapes was one of several factors that confined tape to a niche market. Cartridge and cassette tapes were more convenient and less expensive than reel-to-reel tapes, and they became popular for use in automobiles beginning in the mids.
However, the LP was not seriously challenged as the primary medium for listening to recorded music at home until the s, when the audio quality of the cassette was greatly improved by better tape formulations and noise-reduction systems.
Bycassettes were outselling LPs in the US. The Compact Disc CD was introduced in It offered a recording that was, theoretically, completely noiseless and not audibly degraded by repeated playing or slight scuffs and scratches. At first, the much higher prices of CDs and CD players limited their target market to affluent early adopters and audiophiles ; but prices came down, and by CDs outsold LPs.
The CD became the top-selling format, over cassettes, in Along with phonograph records in other formats, some of which were made of other materials, LPs are now widely referred to simply as "vinyl". Since the late s there has been a vinyl revival. Soundtracks — played on records synchronized to movie projectors in theatres — could not fit onto the mere five minutes per side that 78s offered.
When initially introduced, inch LPs played for a maximum of about 23 minutes per side, inch records for around It wasn't until "microgroove" was developed by Columbia Records in that Long Players LPs reached their maximum playtime, which has continued to modern times. Economics and tastes initially determined which kind of music was available on each format.
Recording company executives believed upscale classical music fans would be eager to hear a Beethoven symphony or a Mozart concerto without having to flip over multiple, four-minute-per-side 78s, and that pop music fans, who were used to listening to one song at a time, would find the shorter time of the inch LP sufficient.
As a result, the inch format was reserved solely for higher-priced classical recordings and Broadway shows.
Popular music continued to appear only on inch records. Their beliefs were wrong. By the mids, the inch LP, like its similarly sized 78 rpm cousin, would lose the format war and be discontinued. Ten-inch records briefly reappeared as mini-LPs in the late s and early s in the United States and Australia as a marketing alternative.
InColumbia Records introduced "extended-play" LPs that played for as long as 52 minutes, or 26 minutes per side. The minute playing time remained rare, however, because of mastering limitations, and most LPs continued to be issued with a to minute playing time. A small number of albums exceeded the minute limit. These records had to be cut with much narrower spacing between the grooves, which allowed for a smaller dynamic range on the records, and meant that playing the record with a worn needle could damage the record.
If you are worried about using liquids on top of your turntable, then a mat is a good idea. You can place the record flat on the mat and use the attached spindle to hold the record secure. Before you clean with a solution make sure that your mat can handle it. Drizzle the liquid over the record. Once you have a solution on hand, gently drizzle a few drops over the surface of the record. Or, moisten a towel with the solution and apply this moisture to the surface of the record. You want the record to be slightly damp, definitely not drenched.
Make sure you do not get the liquid on the record label as it can damage the label. Wipe with a microfiber towel. Grasp your towel and wipe in a counter-clockwise motion across the record, following the grooves. Be gentle, but apply enough pressure so that the towel makes contact with the interior parts of the groove.
Use a totally fresh microfiber cloth to dry the entire record when finished. Use a manual cleaning machine. If you are not interested in cleaning your records by hand, then you can invest in a machine to do some of the work for you. There are machines that require special fluids, ones that brush both sides of a disk at once, and ones that combine vacuuming and brushing.
Do some research online to find a machine that suits your particular needs. To save money, look for a machine that uses brushes to clean, instead of vacuums. Method 3. Keep your records dry. Never play or store a wet record. It is a myth that playing a wet record will reduce static build-up. Instead, using a record with moisture on it can damage the grooves and create an even bigger mess to clean.
Make sure that you fully wipe down your records with a microfiber cloth or let them air dry on a cleaning mat. Touch them carefully. Try to avoid touching the interior grooves of your records whenever possible. Instead, handle them by grabbing the label or perimeter of the disk with your fingertips. The oil on your fingertips can attract dust to the grooves and make it more difficult to clean the record. Place them in archival sleeves. When your records are cleaned, place them into fresh interior sleeves.
Anti-static plastic sleeves are usually a good option. Look for a sleeve that is labeled as archival quality and non-scratching. This will preserve your disk as you take it in and out to play it. Store them vertically. Make sure to place your records vertically next to one another.
If you lay them flat, then your risk warping or bending. If your record is leaning to one side, this can also cause bending. So, keep the records placed firmly together with little room in between. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. This may seem odd, but make sure to give your new records a quick cleaning too. They may have a fine layer of dust from storage or residue from processing.
Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0. Refrain from using Scotch tape or Keep Playing - Kinobe - Wide Open (Vinyl tape to fix a record cover that is splitting or tearing. It will completely destroy the cover. As the cellophane tape ages, it becomes brittle, yellows, and will ooze adhesive making things worse than before. Best to place the record jacket in a poly outer sleeve and place the record in its inner sleeve behind it or place the record in its inner sleeve inside a generic cardboard record jacket and save the original jacket for safekeeping.
Do you know which sleeves are right for your vinyl records? Generic replacement record jackets are great for replacing water-damaged, lost or torn jackets. Put vinyl records back into their protective inner sleeve when you're done.
Remove a record from the turntable platter as soon as you are finished listening to it to prevent it from attracting dust and dirt. This applies even if your turntable has a dustcover. The only time a record should be outside its protective sleeve and jacket is when it is actually being played. No excuses! View a complete guide on choosing the right sleeves for your vinyl records.
We hope the above list of things never to do your vinyl records helps you preserve your valuable records for years to come. Breadcrumb DiscoMusic. Written by Bernard F.
Lopez Stop using your shaky hand to cue up a record How do you skip songs on a vinyl record? On most turntables, the cueing lever is located near the base of the tonearm.
Using this fluid damped lever instead of your hand results in a smooth twitch-free needle drop, and lift from the record. Remember: a clean needle is a happy needle. For the past 25 years, I faithfully handled my LPs by the edges and used a record brush before play. After play, I immediately returned the LP to the protection of the sleeve. My records looked clean, but many of them exhibited egg-frying sounds and occasional clicks, especially during quiet passages.
These sounds are largely due to static electricity and microscopic particles lodged in the grooves: grease, smoke residue, dust, mold, etc. This coating of muck also results in a lost of fidelity: rolled off highs, lackluster mids, etc. I started wet washing with a record brush and a home brew solution of water, alcohol and a dash of dish soap.
After cleaning, I noticed improvements in clarity and a reduction of the noise floor. Alas, there were still sonic blemishes lurking in the grooves.
Those microscopic particles were sucked away and the glory of analog sound revealed: sparkling highs, glowing mids, kickin' bass, and zippo surface noise.
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